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Hatfield, Mark Odom (12 July 1922–07 August 2011), governor of Oregon and U.S. senator, was born in Dallas, Oregon, the only child of Charles Dolen Hatfield, a blacksmith for the Southern Pacific Railroad, and Dovie E. Odom Hatfield. Hatfield’s mother obtained a teaching degree in the early 1930s, and the family moved to Salem, Oregon, where she taught middle school. Hatfield graduated from Salem High School in 1940 and enrolled in nearby Willamette University. After the Pearl Harbor bombing in December 1941, he accelerated his studies and graduated in three years from Willamette, after which he joined the U.S. Navy and spent 1943–1945 in the Pacific. He took part in the Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa and was with one of the first American contingents to enter Hiroshima after the dropping of the atomic bomb. That experience would profoundly shape his attitude toward war, and in his subsequent political career he would devote a great deal of energy to opposing American involvement in all future wars....

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Joe T. Robinson Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-107884).

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Robinson, Joseph Taylor (26 August 1872–14 July 1937), general assemblyman, congressman, governor of Arkansas, and senator, was born on a farm near Lonoke, Arkansas, the son of James Madison Robinson, a physician and Baptist minister, and Matilda Jane Swaim. With almost no formal schooling, Robinson passed the Arkansas teacher’s examination in 1889 and began teaching in rural schools near Lonoke. He later attended the Industrial University of Arkansas (now the University of Arkansas) at Fayetteville for two years, returned to Lonoke, and studied law with Judge Thomas C. Trimble. He attended the University of Virginia School of Law and received his law degree in 1895. By 1897 he had formed a law practice with Judge Trimble. In 1896 he married Ewilda Gertrude Miller; they had no children....