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Bertha Ethel Knight Landes. Lithographic crayon on paper, 1928, by Hugo Gellert. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

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Landes, Bertha Ethel Knight (19 October 1868–29 November 1943), reformer and mayor, was born in Ware, Massachusetts, the daughter of Charles Sanford Knight, a painter and Union army veteran, and Cordelia Cutter. Her father moved the family to Worcester and entered the real estate business in 1873. While a student at Indiana University, Bertha Knight lived for a time with her sister Jessie and brother-in-law ...

Article

Laughlin, Gail (07 May 1868–13 March 1952), feminist, lawyer, and state legislator, was born Abbie Hill “Gail” Laughlin in Robbinston, Maine, the daughter of Robert Clark Laughlin, an ironworker, and Elizabeth Porter Stuart. After the death of her father, Laughlin’s indigent family moved to Saint Stephen, New Brunswick, where her mother’s family resided. In 1880 the family settled in Portland, Maine, where Laughlin graduated from Portland High School in 1886, receiving a medal for the highest marks....