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Moore, Ely (04 July 1798–27 January 1860), labor leader and congressman, was born near Belvidere, New Jersey, the son of Moses Moore and Mary Coryell, farmers. His early years are obscure. He attended public schools, learned the printer’s trade, and moved to New York City in the early 1820s. He later claimed to have studied medicine there. Around that time he married Emma Coutant, whose father, a Democrat, was elected county registrar, and in 1830 appointed Moore assistant county registrar for New York County (Manhattan). Moore displayed his oratorical skills in Coutant’s struggle against the charter of the New York & Harlem Railroad, which threatened the livelihood of local carters. Moore and his wife had six children; following her death, he married Clara Baker, with whom he had no children....

Article

Wilson, William Bauchop (02 April 1862–25 May 1934), labor leader, U.S. congressman, and the first secretary of labor, was born in Blantyre, Scotland, the son of Adam Wilson, a miner, and Helen Bauchop. In 1870 the family moved to Arnot, Pennsylvania, where William began working in the coal mines at the age of nine. He received little formal education but read extensively, forming a boys debating club at the age of fourteen. In 1883 he married Agnes Williamson; they had eleven children....