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McCall, Mary C., Jr. (4 Apr. 1904–3 Apr. 1986), screenwriter, labor activist, and novelist and short story writer, was born Mary Caldwell McCall Jr. in Manhattan, New York, the only daughter of Mary Caldwell Burke and Leo Horan McCall of Manhattan. Though she would be teased at school by the boys for the “Jr.” suffix in her name, at the time, it was not unusual for independent-minded mothers to name their firstborn daughters in this way. McCall’s future Hollywood colleagues, actress and executive Cobina Wright Jr. and writer Harriet Frank Jr., also maintained their “Jr.” status throughout their careers....

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Paley, Grace (11 Dec. 1922–22 Aug. 2007), short story writer, poet, antiwar activist, and feminist, was born Grace Goodside in the Bronx, the third child of Isaac Goodside and Manya Ridnyik. Grace was the baby of the family; her sister Jeanne and brother Victor were respectively fourteen and sixteen years older. Her parents, both Socialist activists, anglicized their name from Gutseit when they emigrated from the Ukraine in ...