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Engle, Paul (12 Oct. 1908–22 March 1991), poet, literary critic, and educator, was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the son of Thomas Allen, a horse trader, and Evelyn (Reinheimer) Engle. He was educated at local schools, helped his father in the livery stable, and worked as a newsboy selling papers on the streets, a carrier boy, a chauffeur, a gardener, and, for many years, a drugstore clerk. He began writing poetry at Washington High School and was elected class poet. At Coe College in Cedar Rapids, he studied English literature, American history, and languages, and was awarded a B.A. in ...

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Lowell, Amy (09 February 1874–12 May 1925), poet, critic, and lecturer, was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, the daughter of Augustus Lowell and Katherine Bigelow Lawrence. Both sides of the family were New England aristocrats, wealthy and prominent members of society. Augustus Lowell was a businessman, civic leader, and horticulturalist, Katherine Lowell an accomplished musician and linguist. Although considered as “almost disreputable,” poets were part of the Lowell family, including ...

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Whipple, Edwin Percy (08 March 1819–16 June 1886), author and lecturer, was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, the son of Matthew Whipple and Lydia Gardiner. When Whipple was eighteen months old, his father died of cholera, and his mother moved to Salem, Massachusetts, with her four young sons. Whipple attended school in Salem, took commercial courses, and graduated from high school in 1834. He clerked in Salem’s Bank of General Interest and voraciously read books of literature and history in his spare time. In 1837 he moved to Boston, where he was a clerk and then the chief clerk for Dana, Fenno and Henshaw, a banking and brokerage firm. He continued to read widely and began to collect books. He also socialized and debated with fellow members of two Boston organizations, the Mercantile Library Association and the Attic Nights Club, the latter of which he helped found....