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Baker, Carlos Heard (05 May 1909–18 April 1987), educator, author, and literary critic, was born in Biddeford, Maine, the son of Arthur Baker and Edna Heard. He grew up in what he called a “yankee and the nineteenth century German” tradition and had a great passion for literature even as a child. While still a college student, he published a collection of poems, ...

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Brodie, Fawn McKay (15 September 1915–10 January 1981), writer, educator, and editor, was born in Ogden, Utah, the daughter of Thomas Evans Brodie and Fawn Brimhall McKay, both of whom were Mormons. Her father was a chronically indebted farmer, a respected church leader, and later a state senator and public utilities commissioner. She earned her B.A. at the University of Utah in 1934, was an instructor in English at Weber State College (now Weber State University, Ogden, Utah), and obtained her M.A. in English at the University of Chicago in 1936. She married Bernard Brodie in 1936. During the next several years, her husband, who had earned his Ph.D. in 1940 in political science at the University of Chicago, taught at a variety of places, served in the U.S. Navy, and became a writer and a consultant on matters of national defense, weaponry, and foreign affairs. Meanwhile, the Brodies had three children....

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Clifford, James Lowry (24 February 1901–07 April 1978), biographer, literary critic, and professor of literature, was born in Evansville, Indiana, the son of George Clifford, a businessman and amateur astronomer, and Emily Orr. In 1918 he attended Wabash College in nearby Crawfordsville, where he studied science, graduating in 1923 with an A.B. and Phi Beta Kappa honors. Two years later he received a B.S. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After several years in business back in Evansville, managing the manufacture of railroad coal cars, he relocated to Tucson, Arizona, where he taught mathematics, polo, and English at a preparatory school. Discovering in his teaching a love of literature, he entered the graduate program in English at Columbia University in 1931 and gained his M.A. the next year....

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Dexter, Franklin Bowditch (11 September 1842–13 August 1920), educator, librarian, and historian, was born in Fairhaven, Massachusetts, the son of Rodolphus Williams Dexter, a businessman, and Mary Hathaway Taber. He attended the Williston Seminary in preparation for Yale College, in New Haven, Connecticut, from which he graduated with an A.B. in 1861. He received an A.M. in 1864 and a Litt.D. in 1902. He taught Greek at the Collegiate and Commercial Institute in New Haven from 1861 to 1863 before returning to work at Yale....

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Mizener, Arthur Moore (03 September 1907–11 February 1988), biographer and educator, was born in Erie, Pennsylvania, the son of Mason Price Mizener and Mabel Moore. The Mizener family came to America from Germany in the second half of the nineteenth century. Mizener’s grandfather had a coal company and at one point was mayor of Erie. Mizener’s father ran the company for some years before he had a nervous breakdown. The family was comfortably well off and part of the small-town aristocracy of Erie. Mizener graduated from Princeton University in 1930 and earned his M.A. in 1932 at Harvard University. In 1934 he received his Ph.D. from Princeton and also began teaching at Yale. In July 1935 he married Elizabeth Rosemary Paris, with whom he had two children....

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Pottle, Frederick Albert (03 August 1897–16 May 1987), literary scholar, author, and academician, was born in Center Lovell, Maine, the son of Fred Leroy Pottle and Annette Kemp. Raised on a farm in Otisfield, Maine, Pottle received his primary education in an ungraded one-room schoolhouse. He attended Colby College in Waterville, Maine, where he fell under the spell of literature, notably the work of the English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Graduating in 1917, Pottle volunteered during World War I as a surgical assistant with an evacuation hospital unit and served in France and Germany....

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Randolph, Sarah Nicholas (12 October 1839–25 April 1892), historian and educator, was born at Edge Hill, Ablemarle County, Virginia, the daughter of Thomas Jefferson Randolph, a planter, and Jane Hollins Nicholas. The importance of history and family responsibility was deeply ingrained in Sarah Nicholas Randolph. Her father, Thomas Jefferson’s favorite grandson, who served as the manager of his affairs during the last ten years of the former president’s life and was the executor of his estate, edited the first collection of Jeffersoniana, ...

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Schorer, Mark (17 May 1908–11 August 1977), professor of English and man of letters, was born in Sauk City, Wisconsin, the son of William Carl Schorer, a manufacturer, and Anna Walser. His education was mainly at the University of Wisconsin, from which he received an A.B. in 1929, a Ph.D. in 1936, and a Litt.D. in 1962. He was also an A.M., Harvard, 1929–1930. On 15 August 1936 he married Ruth Page, with whom he had two children....

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Wallace Stegner Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-114647).

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Stegner, Wallace Earle (18 February 1909–13 April 1993), author and educator, was born in Lake Mills, Iowa, the son of George Stegner, a drifting, gambling worker, and Hilda Paulson. The itinerant family lived in Grand Forks, North Dakota, then Redmond and Bellingham, Washington, then East End, Saskatchewan, Canada, and then Great Falls, Montana, before settling in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1921. After graduating from high school there, Stegner attended the University of Utah, where during his freshman year his contact with western writer-teacher ...

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Van Doren, Carl (10 September 1885–18 July 1950), author and educator, was born Carl Clinton Van Doren in Hope, Illinois, the son of Charles Lucius Van Doren, a country physician, and Dora Anne Butz. His boyhood was spent in a farming community until the family moved to Urbana, Illinois, in 1900. He played football in high school there and was president of his class. He attended the University of Illinois at Urbana, edited the students’ literary monthly magazine, and was class poet. Van Doren received the B.A. in 1907 and taught rhetoric the following academic year at Illinois. In 1908 he enrolled for graduate studies in Columbia University, did research abroad in 1910, and received his Ph.D. in 1911. That same year, he published his dissertation, a biography of Thomas Love Peacock, and began to teach at Columbia. In 1912 he married Irita Bradford ( ...

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Wade, John Donald (28 September 1892–09 October 1963), educator and writer, was born in Marshallville, Georgia, the son of John Daniel Wade, a physician and landowner, and Ida Anne Frederick. After graduating from the University of Georgia in 1914, he received the master’s degree in English literature in 1915 at Harvard University. On the advice of Harvard scholar Barrett Wendell, he went on to doctoral study at Columbia University under ...

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Winslow, Ola Elizabeth (05 January 1885–27 September 1977), author and educator, was born in Grant City, Missouri, the daughter of William Delos Winslow, a local banker, and Hattie Elizabeth Colby. She grew up in California and attended Stanford University, earning an A.B. in 1906 and an A.M. in 1914. She was an instructor at the College (now University) of the Pacific from 1909 to 1914. Then she joined the faculty of Goucher College, in Baltimore, where she was professor of English and head of the department (1914–1944), taught history as well, and was assistant dean briefly (1919–1921). She received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1922. Upon leaving Goucher, she became a professor at Wellesley College (1944–1950). While there, she was revered as a faculty oddity—walking across campus scattering birdseed and catnip, and with neighborhood children behind her. Her last teaching position was as a lecturer at Radcliffe College winter seminars (1950–1962). In her later years she enjoyed flower gardening and observing wildlife....