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Cooper, Edward (26 October 1824–25 February 1905), businessman, philanthropist, and politician, was born in New York City, the son of Peter Cooper, a businessman, philanthropist, and public figure, and Sarah Bedell. After attending public school in New York City, the younger Cooper enrolled at Columbia College, but he earned no degree. At Columbia College, Cooper met ...

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Dickerson, Mahlon (17 April 1770–05 October 1853), New Jersey political leader, secretary of the navy, and iron mine operator, was born in Hanover Neck, Morris County, New Jersey, the son of Jonathan Dickerson and Mary Coe. Dickerson’s father owned substantial property in Morris County, including an iron mine that Dickerson later inherited. The younger Dickerson grew up privileged. He enjoyed preparatory school near home, and further education at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University). Graduating from Princeton in 1789, Dickerson studied law in Morristown and in 1793 was admitted to the local bar. Although his political leanings were strongly favorable to the nascent Jeffersonian-Republican cause, Dickerson volunteered for duty in militias organized to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 in western Pennsylvania. Although perhaps motivated by visions of military glory, Dickerson saw no direct action....

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Hill, William (1741–01 December 1816), ironmaster and politician, was born in Belfast, Ireland. Information is unavailable on Hill’s parentage. While still a child, he immigrated with his family to York County, Pennsylvania, but moved to New Acquisition (later York County), South Carolina, having learned the trade of iron manufacturing. Hill was probably attracted to this section by the then prevalent belief that land around Nanny’s Mountain (on Allison’s Creek near the Catawba River) contained extensive iron deposits. He built a home, saw and grist mills, and a bloomery (a forge capable of producing only bar iron). He also acquired more than 5,000 acres of land before the Revolution....