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Anderson, Joseph Inslee (05 November 1757–17 April 1837), jurist, U.S. senator, and Treasury official, was born near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of William Anderson and Elizabeth Inslee (occupations unknown). When not yet twenty, Anderson enlisted in the Continental army as a private and rose to the rank of major by the war’s end. He was regimental paymaster during much of the war, and his experience in that capacity served him well in positions he held later. He was with ...

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Cary, William Lucius (27 November 1910–07 February 1983), chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and law professor, was born in Columbus, Ohio, the son of William Lincoln Cary, a utilities lawyer and executive, and Ellen Taugher. At the age of sixteen Cary enrolled at Yale College, where he received his A.B. in 1931. In 1934 he received his J.D. from Yale Law School, where he took one of the last corporate finance courses taught by ...

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Dickinson, John (24 February 1894–09 April 1952), jurist, scholar, and public official, was born John Sharpe Dickinson in Greensboro, Maryland, the son of Willard Dickinson and Caroline Schnauffer. In 1903 the family moved to Baltimore, where John completed his secondary education at the Boy’s Latin School. By all accounts, he was a brilliant student. After majoring in classics and graduating from Johns Hopkins University in 1913, at age nineteen, Dickinson proceeded to study history, politics, and jurisprudence at Princeton and attained his A.M. the following year. He then taught history at Amherst College and finished his Ph.D. at Princeton in 1919. He moved to Harvard Law School, where he completed his law degree in two years....

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Frank, Jerome New (10 September 1889–13 January 1957), New Dealer, federal appeals judge, and legal philosopher, was born in New York City, the son of Herman Frank, a lawyer, and Clara New, a musician. The grandson of German Jews who immigrated to the United States around 1850, Frank moved with his parents to Chicago at the age of seven. A precocious child, he challenged his kindergarten teacher on such exotic subjects as Greek mythology. He attended Chicago public schools, graduated from Hyde Park High School at the age of sixteen, and then enrolled at the University of Chicago. By attending summer terms Frank graduated in three years. In the fall of 1909 Frank entered law school at the University of Chicago and in 1912 graduated with the highest grades ever achieved at the University of Chicago Law School. With characteristic humility, he shunned interview-seeking reporters. In 1914 he married Florence Kiper, a well-known poet and writer in Chicago literary circles....

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Moore, John Bassett (03 December 1860–12 November 1947), lawyer, judge, and government official, was born in Smyrna, Delaware, the son of John Adams Moore, a physician and state legislator, and Martha Anne Ferguson. Because of health problems, he was educated by his parents and then attended a private school. At the age of seventeen he entered the University of Virginia where he studied the liberal arts and the law. Forced to leave college because of ill health, he nevertheless continued his legal studies and was admitted to the bar in 1883. At the urging of influential Delaware political leaders, he became a clerk in the U.S. Department of State in 1885 and third assistant secretary from 1886 to 1891. In 1890 he married Helen Frances Toland; they had three children....

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Oliphant, Herman (31 August 1884–11 January 1939), legal educator and federal administrator, was born in Forest, Indiana, the son of Albert G. Oliphant, a farmer and livestock trader, and Martha Jane Richardson. Oliphant spent his early years on the family farm. After grade school, a year’s work for his father and as a member of a bridge gang convinced Oliphant to continue his education, first at Danville Normal School and later at Marion Normal College, from which he graduated in 1907 with an A.B. Oliphant married Julia Sims, also of Forest, in 1905; their marriage produced five children. In order to finance his studies and support his family, Oliphant taught English at Marion College until 1911 while continuing his studies in philology, Greek, and philosophy at Indiana University. He obtained an A.B. from that institution in 1909 and pursued graduate studies for two more years. In 1911 Oliphant declined the offer of a fellowship to study philology at Indiana University and instead began legal studies at the University of Chicago Law School. He continued to teach English and mathematics in the evening to support his family and received a J.D. with honors in 1914....

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Pope, Nathaniel (05 January 1784–23 January 1850), secretary of the Illinois Territory, delegate to the U.S. Congress, and federal judge, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, the son of William Pope and Penelope Edwards, a comfortable agrarian family. Details of Pope’s education are sketchy. He received private schooling as a youth and for a time attended Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, although he did not graduate. Subsequently, he read law in the office of his older brother, John Pope, a future U.S. senator from Kentucky....

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Eugene Victor Rostow. Charcoal and pastel on colored paper, c.1968, by Gardner Cox. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

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Rostow, Eugene Victor Debs (25 August 1913–26 November 2002), legal scholar and government official, was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Victor A. Rostow, a metallurgical engineer, and Lillian Helman Rostow. His mother was the daughter of Russian-Jewish immigrants; his father, also Jewish, had emigrated from Russia in 1904. Both parents were ardent socialists and named their first child after ...