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Penfield, Edward (02 June 1866–08 February 1925), artist and designer, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Josiah Penfield, a merchant, and Ellen Locke Moore. He grew up in Brooklyn and attended schools there, but not much is known of his early childhood. In 1881 Penfield began working for Harper and Brothers in New York. In 1889 he enrolled in the Art Students League in Manhattan, where he studied periodically until 1895. At the Art Students League, he studied under George deForest Brush, an academic painter who also admired French impressionism and instilled in his students an appreciation for European art....

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Ruzicka, Rudolph (29 June 1883–20 July 1978), artist, typographer, and author, was born in Kourim in central Bohemia, the son of Václav Ruzicka, a tailor, and Josefa Reichman. Accompanying his parents to the United States in 1894, he settled in Chicago, where he completed seven grades of public school in three years while at the same time learning to speak English. He then left in 1897 to begin an apprenticeship at the Franklin Engraving Company, where he learned to engrave on wood and to work a Washington hand press. In subsequent employment in other firms, Ruzicka learned the electrotype and photogravure processes while studying art at Hull-House and the Art Institute of Chicago....