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Henry W. Henshaw Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-98679).

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Henshaw, Henry Wetherbee (03 March 1850–01 August 1930), ornithologist, ethnologist, and government official, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the son of William Henshaw and Sarah Holden Wetherbee. His interest in natural history was demonstrated from early childhood, and he began focusing has attention on birds. He completed his primary and secondary education in the local public schools, but poor health compelled him to defer plans to take the entrance examination at Harvard in 1869. While in high school, Henshaw met ...

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Jackson, Hartley Harrad Thompson (19 May 1881–20 September 1976), mammalogist and government official, was born in Milton, Wisconsin, the son of Harrad Jackson and Mary Thompson, English immigrants who settled in that state, and the only one of their eight children who was born in the United States. Educated in the local schools, he developed an interest in birds and later in mammals, the latter of which would become the focus of his lifelong research. He soon began a personal collection of study skins. At the age of fourteen he met Ludwig Kumlien, a prominent Wisconsin naturalist and Arctic explorer, who gave Jackson useful guidance in his natural history pursuits. His first article, on screech owls, was published in ...

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C. Hart Merriam Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-98680).

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Merriam, Clinton Hart (05 December 1855–19 March 1942), zoologist and government official, was born in New York City, the son of Clinton Levi Merriam, a businessman, banker, and two-term Republican U.S. congressman, and Caroline Hart. A younger sister, Florence ( Florence Augusta Merriam Bailey...