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Wines, Frederick Howard (09 April 1838–31 January 1912), Presbyterian minister and prison reformer, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Enoch Cobb Wines, a minister and prison reformer, and Emma Stansbury. After attending Washington College in Pennsylvania, Wines enrolled in the Princeton Theological Seminary in 1857. Forced to leave because of illness, he traveled to St. Louis, Missouri, where in 1860 the American Sunday School Union granted him a license to preach. Wines served as missionary in Springfield, Missouri, until 1862 when he received a commission as a hospital chaplain in the Union army. During the Civil War, Wines was the chaplain in charge of refuges at Springfield, Missouri, and served in the battle of Springfield (8 Jan. 1863). In 1864 he returned to Princeton and his studies, finally graduating from the seminary in 1865. That year he married Mary Frances Hackney, with whom he had eight children. The couple moved to Springfield, Illinois, where Wines spent the next four years as the pastor of the First Presbyterian Church....