You are looking at  1-13 of 13 articles  for:

  • activist (general) x
  • US representative x
Clear All

Image

Fisher Ames. Oil on wood, c. 1807, by Gilbert Stuart. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of George Cabot Lodge.

Article

Ames, Fisher (09 April 1758–04 July 1808), Federalist party leader, member of Congress, essayist, and renowned orator, was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, the son of Nathaniel Ames, Sr., a physician, tavern keeper, and almanac writer, and Deborah Fisher. Intellectually honed, Ames was admitted to Harvard at twelve. Steeped in the classics, he excelled in elocution and participated in a debating club, the Institute of 1770. Graduating in 1774, he served with the Dedham militia at the time of the battle of Bunker Hill but did not see combat. At home he pursued his scholarly interests, reading widely in classical literature and history. He also occasionally taught school. Under the tutelage of the prominent ...

Image

Victor Berger. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-100903).

Article

Berger, Victor Louis (28 February 1860–07 August 1929), a founder and leader of the Socialist Party of America and a U.S. congressman, was born in the Nieder-Rehbach region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Romania) to Ignatz Berger and his wife, Julia (maiden name unknown), innkeepers. Berger attended the Universities of Vienna and Budapest for two years. His family suffered economic reversals and in 1878 emigrated to Bridgeport, Connecticut. In 1881 Berger settled in Milwaukee, where he taught school. In the heavily Germanic city he emerged as a leader, initially through the ...

Article

Hicks, Louise (16 October 1916–21 October 2003), politician, antibusing activist, and U.S. representative, was born Anna Louise Day in South Boston, Massachusetts, the third child and only daughter of William J. Day and Anna McCarron Day. Her father, a judge of the South Boston District Court and a successful lawyer, banker, and real estate investor, was one of South Boston’s most prominent citizens; her mother died when she was fourteen years old. Raised as a Roman Catholic, Louise graduated from the Nazareth School and studied home economics at Simmons College before earning an education degree at the Wheelock School in 1938. For two years she taught in the Brookline public schools, then she became a clerk in her father’s law office. She married John Hicks, an engineer, in 1942, and had two sons....

Article

Lowenstein, Allard Kenneth (16 January 1929–14 March 1980), lawyer, congressman, and political agitator, was born Allard Augustus Lowenstein in Newark, New Jersey, the son of Gabriel Abraham Lowenstein, a medical school teacher who turned restaurateur, and Augusta Goldberg. Lowenstein later chose Kenneth to replace Augustus, his given middle name. Only a year old when his mother died he was not told at first that his stepmother was not his birth mother, which he discovered when he was thirteen. In 1945 Lowenstein graduated from Horace Mann School in New York City and four years later graduated from the University of North Carolina. At North Carolina he succeeded in ending the practice of pairing Jewish students as roommates and gained them access to campus fraternities, and when the student state legislature met in Chapel Hill in December 1945 he got a resolution passed opening it up to black participation. Becoming a powerful personality on campus, Lowenstein found a hero and friend in the school’s president, ...

Image

Vito Marcantonio Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-109679).

Article

Marcantonio, Vito Anthony (10 December 1902–09 August 1954), radical political figure and congressman, was born in East Harlem, New York City, the son of Sanario “Samuel” Marcantonio, an American-born carpenter, and Angelina deDobitis, a native of Italy. Though his father’s skills allowed a relatively comfortable existence, Marcantonio imbibed radical politics at DeWitt Clinton High School from his history teacher, a one-time Socialist candidate for Congress and teachers’ union organizer. Marcantonio organized a neighborhood rent strike while still a teenager and in 1921 was introduced to a kindred spirit, the president of the city’s board of aldermen, ...

Image

Ruth Hanna McCormick. With her children Katrina and John. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-108593).

Article

McCormick, Ruth Hanna (27 March 1880–31 December 1944), congresswoman and political leader, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the daughter of Marcus Alonzo “Mark” Hanna, a businessman and politician, and Charlotte Augusta Rhodes. In 1896 Mark Hanna, Republican national chairman, managed William McKinley’s presidential campaign, in which Ruth participated. Hanna was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1897, and Ruth worked as his private secretary on Capitol Hill. Her marriage in 1903 to ...

Article

Wright, Hendrick Bradley (24 April 1808–02 September 1881), congressman and Pennsylvania Democratic leader, was born in Plymouth, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, the son of Joseph Wright, a schoolteacher, merchant, and farmer, and Ellen Hendrick. His father’s family had migrated from England in 1681 with ...

Image

William Lowndes Yancey. Salted paper print, c. 1858. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.

Article

Yancey, William Lowndes (10 August 1814–27 July 1863), U.S. congressman, secessionist, and Confederate senator, was born at the shoals of the Ogeechee River, on the boundary between Warren and Hancock counties, Georgia, the son of Benjamin Cudworth Yancey, an attorney and South Carolina state legislator, and Caroline Bird. Benjamin Yancey died in 1817, and in 1821 Caroline married ...