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Bundesen, Herman Niels (27 April 1882–15 August 1960), physician, author, and politician, was born in Berlin, Germany, the son of a Danish father and a German mother whose identities are unknown. Brought to Chicago at an early age by his impoverished, widowed mother, he graduated from Northwestern University Medical School in 1909. Also in 1909 he married Rega Russell; they had six children....

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Hatfield, Henry Drury (15 September 1875–23 October 1962), physician and politician, was born at Mate Creek, Logan County, West Virginia, the son of Elias “Good ’Lias” Hatfield, a farmer and landowner, and Elizabeth Chafin. He was the nephew of feudist William Anderson “Devil Anse” Hatfield...

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Kearsley, John (1684–11 January 1772), physician, politician, and philanthropist, was baptized in the village of Greatham, County Durham, England. His father was John Kearsley, an Anglican minister; his mother’s name is unknown. Kearsley’s father provided two of his sons with a medical education; young John studied in London without earning a degree. For a time he practiced medicine in England, but in 1711 he emigrated and settled in Philadelphia....

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Leib, Michael (08 January 1760–28 December 1822), physician and politician, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Johann George Leib, a German immigrant of modest means, and Margaretha Dorothea Liebheit. After a common school education he studied medicine under Benjamin Rush. In 1780, during the American Revolution, Leib was commissioned as a surgeon in the Philadelphia militia. Following the Revolution he entered medical practice in Philadelphia and soon became known as one of the leading physicians of the city. He was one of the incorporators of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1789 and was on the staffs of the Philadelphia Dispensary and the Philadelphia Almshouse and Hospital. During the great yellow fever epidemic of 1793 he was among the physicians coordinating medical efforts, and he supervised the Bush Hill Hospital, where many victims of the epidemic were treated....

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Mitchill, Samuel Latham (20 August 1764–07 September 1831), physician, scientist, and legislator, was born in Hempstead, Long Island, New York, the son of Robert Mitchill, a farmer and overseer of highways, and Mary Latham. He learned the fundamentals of medicine from his uncle Dr. Samuel Latham, who also underwrote the cost of his nephew’s education. Mitchill served as a medical apprentice for Dr. ...