1-20 of 60 Results  for:

  • Writing and publishing x
  • Results with images only x
Clear all

Article

Asch, Sholem (01 November 1880–10 July 1957), Yiddish novelist, dramatist, and short story writer, was born in Kutno, Poland, a small town near Warsaw, the son of Moishe Asch, a cattle dealer and innkeeper, and Malka Wydawski. Asch was raised in a small town and was essentially self-educated. His father taught him the alphabet from the Bible, which was, as Asch later noted, “the first book that I ever held in my hand” (Siegel, p. 3). The Bible served as his grammar, geography, and history textbooks, as well as a storybook of sorts; later the Scriptures became a source of continual literary inspiration. As an adult Asch became a serious collector of rare biblical editions. He attended local schools to train for the rabbinate, studying the Talmud but also reading German classics and Shakespeare. Finally, against his family’s wishes, Asch made up his mind to become a writer....

Article

Bellamy, Edward (26 March 1850–22 May 1898), novelist, was born in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, the son of Rufus King Bellamy, a Baptist minister, and Maria Putnam. One of four children raised in a strict Calvinist household, he was educated at local schools and briefly attended Union College in Schenectady, New York. As a young man, he developed a strong social interest in poverty, unemployment, and other ill effects of industrialization, which he presumably witnessed not only in the mill towns of western Massachusetts but also in Europe, where he lived for a year in 1868....

Article

Bodenheim, Maxwell (26 May 1892–07 February 1954), poet, critic, and novelist, was born in Hermanville, Mississippi, the son of Solomon Bodenheimer and Caroline Herman. An emigrant from Alsace, Solomon Bodenheimer never found financial or professional security; his career included stints as a traveling whiskey salesman and unsuccessful forays into clothing stores and men’s haberdashery. The daughter of a distinguished and wealthy surgeon, Caroline Bodenheimer came from a milieu that was vastly different from that of her husband. Indeed, the town of Hermanville itself obtained its name from Caroline Bodenheimer’s uncle, M. B. Herman, who had founded the town and established a small mercantile empire there. Caroline’s tales of lost prosperity provided a bitter contrast to the impoverished world in which Maxwell Bodenheim was reared....

Article

Bowen, Catherine Drinker (01 January 1897–01 November 1973), biographer and novelist, was born Catherine Shober Drinker in Haverford, Pennsylvania, the daughter of Henry Sturgis Drinker, an attorney, and Aimee Ernesta Beaux, a musician. After her father became president of Lehigh University in 1905, the family moved to Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. In between travels to such places as the Panama and Suez canals, she attended the Moravian Seminary, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. From 1914 to 1916 she studied at St. Timothy’s boarding school in Catonsville, Maryland, where she cultivated a taste for music and started to play the violin. Although accepted at Bryn Mawr College, she studied instead at the Peabody Conservatory of Music in Baltimore, Maryland (1915–1917), where she further cultivated the violin. Subsequently, she studied at the Juilliard School in New York City when it was still known as the Institute of Musical Arts....

Article

Bromfield, Louis (27 December 1896–18 March 1956), novelist, experimental farmer, and newspaper columnist, was born in Mansfield, Ohio, the son of Charles Bromfield, a banker and local Democratic office holder, and Annette Marie Coulter. His father was from an old New England family, and his mother was the daughter of a pioneer family of Richland County, Ohio; both ancestries would influence his later fiction. Bromfield attended Mansfield public schools, spending summers on his mother’s family’s farm. In 1914–1915 he studied agriculture at Cornell University and then briefly attended Ohio Northern University in Ada, Ohio. He then studied journalism at Columbia University until his enlistment in the U.S. Army Ambulance Service in June 1917. He served with Section 577, attached to the French army, from December 1917 to February 1919. He participated in seven major battles during World War I and was awarded the Croix de Guerre. He was discharged in June 1919 while still in France....

Article

Brooks, Gwendolyn (07 June 1917–03 December 2000), poet and novelist, was born Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks at her grandmother's home in Topeka, Kansas, the daughter of David Anderson Brooks, a janitor, and Keziah Wims Brooks. When she was two months old, the family settled in Chicago, where she would live the rest of her life. Brooks and her brother had a sheltered upbringing in a cheerful, orderly household. (She would later draw on memories of those years for her poem “a song in the front yard” [1945].) At Forrestville Elementary School, where she learned that light skin and fine hair were valued, this shy child with dark skin and coarse hair felt socially isolated. Her mother, however, encouraged her interest in writing, and Brooks published her first poem in ...

Article

Tinky ‘‘Dakota’’ Weisblat

Caldwell, Taylor (07 September 1900–30 August 1985), novelist, was born Janet Miriam Holland Caldwell in Manchester, England, the daughter of Arthur F. Caldwell, a commercial artist, and Anna Markham. Dismayed at all the Germans working in his trade in England, the intolerant Arthur Caldwell bundled his family off to America when his daughter was six. In later years she recalled an unhappy childhood with a stern father. She retreated to a world of the imagination from an early age....

Article

Cather, Willa (07 December 1873–24 April 1947), novelist and short-story writer, was born in Back Creek Valley (now Gore), Virginia, the daughter of Charles Cather, farmer, and Mary Virginia Boak. Cather’s family moved to Nebraska in 1883. She later told an interviewer that after the mountains of Virginia the prairie made her feel that she had “come to the end of everything—it was a kind of erasure of personality. … I thought I would go under.” But she did not, and for the first eighteen months of her life in Nebraska she lived on her grandfather’s farm, surrounded by immigrant farm families whom she came to know and love and whom she eventually turned into memorable fictional characters. When her father moved the family to the prairie village of Red Cloud and opened an insurance and real estate office, Cather began the next phase of her life. The town appears in six of her novels and a good many stories....

Article

Clemens, Jeremiah (28 December 1814–21 May 1865), politician and novelist, was born in Huntsville, Alabama, the son of James Clemens, a merchant. His mother’s maiden name was Mills, but her first name is unknown. Clemens spent the formative years of his life in the northern Alabama upcountry town of Huntsville with his affluent family. He entered La Grange College in 1830, but in 1831 he moved to the newly opened University of Alabama, graduating in 1833. He also spent a year studying law at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. In 1834 he married Mary Read; they had one child....

Article

Cooper, James Fenimore (15 September 1789–14 September 1851), novelist, was born in Burlington, New Jersey, the son of William Cooper, a land agent and developer, and Elizabeth Fenimore. In 1790 the family moved to Cooperstown, which his father had founded at the foot of Otsego Lake in New York. James (“Fenimore” was not added to his name until 1826) attended the village academy, spent two winters at school in Burlington, and in 1801 was sent to Albany as a boarding student of the Reverend Thomas Ellison. He entered Yale College in February 1803 but was dismissed for misconduct in the summer of 1805. To prepare for a career in the navy, he shipped before the mast in the ...

Article

Davis, Clyde Brion (22 May 1894–19 July 1962), journalist and novelist, was born in Unadilla, Nebraska, the son of Charles N. Davis and Isabel Brion, shopkeepers. When Clyde was one year old the family moved to Chillicothe, Missouri, where Clyde’s father operated a saw mill. Clyde attended high school in Kansas City, excelling in gymnastics and drawing. He dropped out of school at fourteen and worked for a time as a printer’s apprentice, attending the Kansas City Art Institute at night. Eventually he got a job in the art department of the ...

Article

Dos Passos, John (14 January 1896–28 September 1970), writer, was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of John Randolph Dos Passos, a lawyer, and Lucy Addison Sprigg Madison. His parents were married in 1910, when his father’s first wife died, and in 1912 the boy took his father’s name of Dos Passos; before that he was known as John Roderigo Madison. As an illegitimate child he had lived a rootless life, traveling much in Europe with his mother. She died in 1915. The necessary secrecy of his boyhood, the mixture of admiration and fear Dos Passos felt toward his powerful father—who was both an important corporate lawyer and the author of books on trusts and the stock market—and his dependence on his beautiful, often unhappy southern mother affected him deeply. A timid boy, Dos Passos found excitement in reading, studying languages, and observing the art of the time; he discovered his greatest joy in writing. His early poems, with those of ...

Article

Dreiser, Theodore (27 August 1871–28 December 1945), author, was born Hermann Theodore Dreiser in Terre Haute, Indiana, the son of Johann Paul Dreiser and Sarah Schänäb. Dreiser’s father had emigrated from Germany in 1844 and had been a moderately successful wool dealer until 1869, when a fire destroyed his factory in Sullivan, Indiana. The family never recovered either economically or psychologically from the disaster. Theodore, the twelfth of thirteen children, was born into poverty, and in his childhood his parents moved from town to town in search of employment. His family life was emotionally unstable, and he had few educational opportunities. These experiences colored his worldview and influenced the character of his writing. In addition, his youth was further darkened by the strict Roman Catholic training he received in German-American parochial schools, an experience that fed his later anti-Catholicism and deeply influenced his quest for alternative forms of religious experience....

Article

Eberhart, Mignon G. (06 July 1899–08 October 1996), novelist, was born Mignon Good in Lincoln, Nebraska, the daughter of William T. Good and Margaret Hill Bruffey Good. She was educated in local schools and attended Nebraska Wesleyan University from 1917 until 1920. Three years later she married Alanson C. Eberhart, a civil engineer; she divorced him in 1946 to marry John P. Hazen Perry (occupation unknown) but divorced Perry in turn two years later and remarried Alanson Eberhart. There were no known children from either marriage....

Article

Farrell, James T. (27 February 1904–22 August 1979), novelist, was born James Thomas Farrell in Chicago, Illinois, the son of James Francis Farrell, a teamster, and Mary Daly, a domestic servant. The second of six children of a poor, first-generation Irish Catholic family, Farrell was given at age three to the care of his maternal grandparents, the Dalys. The move to this new household, where his grandparents lived comfortably with three of their own grown-up children, would be of great import to Farrell. Gradually he grew conscious of the contrast between the life circumstances of his parents and the middle-class culture of the neighborhood in which he lived. Insights into the ways in which class and culture shape consciousness and psychology were to become the sociological foundation for nearly a dozen novels and scores of short stories that are the backbone of his literary career....

Article

Faulkner, William (25 September 1897–06 July 1962), short-story writer and novelist, was born William Cuthbert Falkner in New Albany, Mississippi, the son of Murry Cuthbert Falkner, who was working for the family railroad at the time, and Maud Butler, an amateur painter. Although he was born in New Albany, Mississippi, and then lived briefly in the small Mississippi town of Ripley, he grew up and lived most of his life in Oxford, Mississippi, where his family moved in 1902. There, surrounded by a large, prominent family that was deeply entangled in the history of northern Mississippi, he began listening to family stories that were told and retold at small gatherings as well as large reunions. Before and long after his brief stint in Oxford’s public schools, he also read avidly, first under the tutelage of his demanding mother and later under the tutelage of his friend Phil Stone, whose library included many of the major texts of turn-of-the-century “modernism.”...

Article

Fearing, Kenneth Flexner (28 July 1902–26 June 1961), poet and novelist, was born in Oak Park, Illinois, the son of Henry Lester Fearing, an attorney, and Olive Flexner, a newspaper reporter. Within a year of Fearing’s birth, his mother had left her “unfulfilling” life in the suburbs, returned to Chicago, and divorced his father. Although she did have joint custody, she relinquished this right, and Kenneth was raised from infancy by his father and his father’s unmarried sister Eva. He attended local schools and graduated from Oak Park-River Forest Township High School in 1920. Like his famous predecessor ...

Article

Ferber, Edna (15 August 1885–17 April 1968), novelist, playwright, and short story writer, was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan, the daughter of Jacob Ferber, a shopkeeper, and Julia Neumann. The Ferbers, of Jewish ancestry, suffered from the anti-Semitic atmosphere in Kalamazoo, which contributed to the family’s frequent moves throughout the Midwest. They spent time with Ferber’s maternal grandparents in Chicago. By the time the family settled in Appleton, Wisconsin, Ferber’s mother assumed the obligations of shopkeeping from Jacob Ferber, now an invalid, and became the head of the family....

Article

Fern, Fanny (09 July 1811–10 October 1872), newspaper columnist and novelist, was born Sarah Payson Willis in Portland, Maine, the daughter of Hannah Parker and Nathaniel Willis, a printer and founder of the first periodical for children.

Although the beautiful and high-spirited Fern rebelled against her father’s grim Calvinistic creed, she was passionately attached to her mother, who she believed had imbued her with talent. At a time when colleges were not open to women, Fern received as close to a college education as was available from the Hartford Female Seminary. In May 1837 Fern married Charles Harrington Eldredge, a cashier at the Merchant’s Bank of Boston. They had three children....

Article

Gale, Zona (26 August 1874–27 December 1938), novelist and playwright, was born in Portage, Wisconsin, the daughter of Charles Franklin Gale, a railroad worker, and Eliza Beers. Gale’s father introduced her to the intellectual life through diverse writings by Plato, Ralph Waldo Emerson...