1-16 of 16 results  for:

  • Results with images only x
Clear all

Article

Bosworth, Welles (08 May 1869–03 June 1966), architect, was born William Welles Bosworth in Marietta, Ohio, the son of Daniel Perkins Bosworth, Jr., a merchant, and Clara Van Zandt. After graduating from the Marietta Academy in 1885, Bosworth enrolled at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that fall. During his student years Bosworth worked part time in the architectural offices of ...

Article

Eames, Charles (17 June 1907–21 August 1978), architect, furniture designer, and filmmaker, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Charles Ormond Eames, a Pinkerton security officer, and Marie Celine Adele Pauline Lambert. In 1921 Eames’s discovery of photographic equipment belonging to his father, who had died that year, initiated his lifelong interest in photography. He began his formal architectural education at Washington University in St. Louis on a scholarship in 1925. Prior to his enrollment, Eames had worked as a laborer with the LaClede Steel Company and as a designer of electrical lighting fixtures with the Edwin F. Guth Fixture Company, and while attending the university he worked summers as a draftsman in a St. Louis architectural office, Trueblood and Graf. He left school in 1928, his sophomore year. Despite his lack of a formal degree in architecture, other jobs and contacts in St. Louis substantially contributed to his education and to the development of his interests and skills in all aspects of design....

Article

Exner, Judith Cambell (11 January 1934–24 September 1999), confidante, was born Judith Eileen Katherine Immoor in New York City to Frederick Immoor, an architect who had emigrated from Germany, and Katherine Shea. When Judith was a year old the family moved to Pacific Palisades, California, where she attended Catholic schools and grew up in comfortable circumstances. The Immoors were friends with many Hollywood celebrities, including ...

Article

Gilbert, Cass (24 November 1859–17 May 1934), architect, was born in Zanesville, Ohio, the son of Samuel Augustus Gilbert, a coast guard officer, and Elizabeth Fulton Wheeler. His father died shortly after the family moved to St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1868. At sixteen Gilbert began his architectural training as an apprentice in the St. Paul office of Abraham Radcliffe. In 1878–1879 he studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) under William Robert Ware and Eugène Létang, who instilled in him the historicist discipline emanating from the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. After a year of travel to examine and sketch European architectural monuments, he joined the New York firm of McKim, Mead & White as an assistant to ...

Article

Gropius, Walter (18 May 1883–05 July 1969), architect and educator, was born Walter Adolf Georg Gropius in Berlin, Germany, the son of Walter Gropius, an architect, and Manon Scharnweber. His family was long involved in architecture and government service. His father was an adviser for the construction of Berlin’s police headquarters and his great uncle was Martin Gropius, a successful Berlin architect and student of the architectural giant Karl Friedrich Schinkel. Young Gropius apprenticed with Berlin architects Hermann Solf and Franz Wichards in 1903 while they were beginning the Imperial Patent Office Building; he then attended architectural classes in the Technical Universities of Munich and Berlin-Charlottenburg in 1903 and 1905–1907, respectively, with a stint between as a cadet in the Fifteenth Regiment of Hussars....

Article

Hayden, Sophia Gregoria (17 October 1868–03 February 1953), architect, was born in Santiago, Chile, the daughter of George Henry Hayden, a dentist; her mother (full name unknown) was of Spanish descent. In 1874 Sophia Hayden went to live with her grandparents in Jamaica Plain, a suburb of Boston. After graduating from West Roxbury High School in 1886, she immediately entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and became the first woman to enroll in the architecture program directed by Eugène Létang, who had been trained at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. This program concentrated on the planning and rendering of monumental buildings but also offered courses in architectural history and structural engineering. Hayden’s thesis project, which employed a neoclassical style, was titled “A Design for a Museum of Fine Arts.” She received the bachelor of architecture degree with honors in 1890, becoming the first woman to complete Létang’s four-year architecture course. After graduation, she taught mechanical drawing at the Elliot School in Jamaica Plain but declared her intention to practice architecture....

Article

Hunt, Richard Morris (31 October 1827–31 July 1895), architect, was born in Brattleboro, Vermont, the son of Jonathan Hunt, U.S. congressman, and Jane Maria Leavitt. Following Jonathan Hunt’s sudden death from cholera, in Washington, D.C., in 1832, his widow brought her five children back to New England. She eventually settled in Boston so that her eldest son, ...

Article

Latrobe, Benjamin Henry (01 May 1764–03 September 1820), architect and civil engineer, was born in Fulneck, Yorkshire, England, the son of Benjamin Latrobe, an English Moravian clergyman, and Anna Margaretta Antes, an American born in Pennsylvania. From 1776 until 1783 Latrobe attended Moravian schools in Germany, initially the Paedagogium at Niesky and later the seminary at Barby in Saxony, where he received a broad liberal education in the arts and sciences. Latrobe seems to have traveled extensively in eastern Germany, perhaps visiting Vienna, during his school years. Architectural drawings signed by Latrobe for buildings erected in 1784 and 1785 for a Moravian community near Manchester, England, complement his student architectural drawings of existing Moravian communities. Latrobe held a position in the Stamp Office in London from 1785 to 1794; he received an additional appointment as surveyor of the London police offices in 1792....

Article

LeFrak, Samuel J. (12 February 1918–16 April 2003), urban planner, builder, and architect, was born Samuel Jayson LeFrak in New York City, the son of Harry, a builder, and Sarah Schwartz LeFrak, a homemaker. LeFrak graduated from Erasmus Hall High School in Flatbush, Brooklyn, in 1936, and from the University of Maryland, College Park, in 1940. As a college student, he worked for his father, supervising the completion of his first building, a sixty‐family, sixteen‐story building in Brooklyn. Following his graduation from the university LeFrak married Ethel Stone; they had four children. LeFrak also took classes at Columbia University and Harvard Business School and during his lifetime received numerous honorary degrees....

Article

McKim, Charles Follen (24 August 1847–14 September 1909), architect, was born in Isabella Furnace, Chester County, Pennsylvania, the son of James Miller McKim, an abolitionist, and Sarah Allibone Speakman, a Quaker. The radical politics of his parents appear to have had little impact on McKim, who grew up to become the senior member of the prestigious McKim, Mead & White partnership and was known for his promotion of classicism as the basis for American architecture. However, McKim’s devotion to the civic nature of architecture and to developing an art suitable for the United States, combined with his tenacious willpower, undoubtedly owed a debt to his upbringing....

Article

Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig (27 March 1886–17 August 1969), architect, was born Ludwig Mies in Aachen, Germany, the son of Michael Mies, a stonemason, and Amalie Rohe. His professional name was created by inserting the artificial “van der” between the surnames of his father and mother. Mies received no formal schooling in architecture. Coming from a long line of sober, middle-class Rhenish craftsmen, he attended trade school in Aachen until the age of fifteen and then worked briefly as a bricklayer’s apprentice and later as a draftsman in a stucco factory. A natural gift for drawing attracted the attention of several professionals, who encouraged him to consider a career in architecture. In 1905 Mies left his native city for Berlin, where a job as a studio assistant to the municipal architecture office of suburban Rixdorf (known today as Neukölln) awaited him....

Article

Pope, John Russell (24 April 1874–27 August 1937), architect, was born in New York City, the son of John Pope, a portrait painter, and Mary Avery Loomis, a landscape painter and piano teacher. After the death of his father when Pope was six, he was influenced by a relative, Dr. Alfred Loomis, to study medicine. Pope spent three years at the City College of New York before turning to architecture, which was an early love of his, and entering the Department of Architecture in the School of Mines at Columbia University. At Columbia, Pope studied with William Robert Ware, an early proponent of professional training for architects. In 1895, the year after graduating from Columbia, Pope won both a McKim traveling fellowship and the Schermerhorn scholarship to the American School of Architecture in Rome (later the American Academy in Rome). After spending eighteen months studying in Rome, Pope traveled to Paris, where he studied the principles of classical architecture at the École des Beaux Arts....

Article

Post, George Browne (15 December 1837–28 November 1913), architect and Union militia officer, was born in New York City, the son of Joel Browne Post and Abby Mauran Church. Of distinguished New England ancestry, Post was educated at Churchill School, Ossining, New York, and graduated with a B.S. in civil engineering from New York University in 1858. His notably successful career as a technically progressive though stylistically eclectic architect began shortly thereafter when he opened a practice with ...

Article

Urban, Joseph (26 May 1872–10 July 1933), architect, scenic designer, and illustrator, was born Josef Karl Maria Georg Urban in Vienna, Austria, the son of Josef Urban, an official in the Viennese school system, and Helen Weber. Although his family hoped he would become a lawyer, in 1890 Urban enrolled at the Polytechnicum in Vienna for courses in architectural engineering and at the Imperial and Royal Academy, where he studied architectural design and aesthetics under the architect Karl von Hasenauer....

Article

White, Stanford (09 November 1853–25 June 1906), architect, was born in New York City, the son of Richard Grant White, a writer and music critic, and Alexina Black Mease, a poet. The family lacked funds to send him to college, and in 1870, having exhibited some artistic talent, White followed the advice of ...

Article

Wright, Frank Lloyd (08 June 1867–09 April 1959), architect, was born in Richland Center, Wisconsin, the son of William Cary Wright and Anna Lloyd Jones. The middle name given to him at birth was Lincoln, but he adopted the name Lloyd in 1886, an indication of his strong identification with the Lloyd Joneses, the Welsh family of his mother. She had been a schoolteacher; his father worked at various times as a lawyer, preacher, school superintendent, and music teacher and was known as a distinguished orator. After ten years of peripatetic life, the family returned to Wisconsin in 1877 to live in Madison near relatives of Anna Wright who were farmers outside Spring Green. Sent to his relatives’ farms to labor during the summers, Wright acquired a lifelong appreciation of nature. From his father he learned piano and musical structure; from his mother, the lessons of the Froebel kindergarten system, which involved the manual handling of simple geometric shapes, and thus developed a perception of geometric forms. His father left his mother in 1885 and filed for divorce....