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James T. Holly. Currier & Ives lithograph, 1875. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-93450 ).

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Holly, James Theodore (30 October 1829–13 March 1911), black emigrationist, missionary, and bishop, was born free in Washington, D.C., the son of James Overton Holly, a bootmaker, and Jane (maiden name unknown). At fourteen he and his family moved to Brooklyn, where he worked with his father. By 1848, while clerking for ...

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Pierson, Abraham (1609–09 August 1678), colonial minister, missionary, leader of Branford, Connecticut, and cofounder of Newark, New Jersey, was born in Yorkshire, England. Nothing is known about his parents or his youth. He prepared for the ministry at Trinity College, Cambridge University, graduated in 1632, and was subsequently ordained as pastor at Newark, Nottinghamshire, before emigrating to America in 1639 or 1640. Pierson settled in Southampton, Long Island, which at the time was part of the Connecticut Colony. However, he preferred the religious climate of the New Haven Colony, which required prospective church members to present evidence of spiritual conversion and undertake a public profession of faith. Consequently, sometime after 1643 he, his wife, Abigail (Wheelwright), and their children crossed Long Island Sound to the New Haven Colony, which, under the influence of Puritan divine ...

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Wood, Thomas Bond (17 March 1844–18 December 1922), Methodist missionary, educator, and social reformer, was born in Lafayette, Indiana, the son of Aaron Wood, a Methodist minister, and Maria Hitt. He entered Indiana Asbury (later DePauw University) and then Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut, receiving an A.B. from both institutions. He earned an M.A. from both universities (Indiana Asbury, 1866; Wesleyan, 1867). During this time he taught German and natural science at Wesleyan Academy in Wilbraham, Massachusetts (1864–1867). The New England Conference of the Methodist Episcopal church licensed him to preach in 1865 and ordained him deacon (1867) and elder (1868). He married Ellen Dow in 1867; they had at least four children. He transferred to the North-West Indiana Conference, the conference of his father, where he served as president of Valparaiso College (1867–1869) before his appointment as a missionary to Argentina....