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Lillie, Frank Rattray (27 June 1870–05 November 1947), scientist, was born in Toronto, Canada, son of accountant George Waddell Lillie and Emily Ann Rattray. Both Lillie’s grandfathers were clergymen, and his family expected him to follow in their footsteps. Instead, upon entering the University of Toronto in 1887, Lillie majored in the natural sciences. His interest in biology, especially embryology and physiological perspectives, blossomed under faculty members R. Ramsay Wright and A. B. Macallum. Lillie received his A.B. in 1891 and immediately left to attend his first summer session at Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Massachusetts. He spent the next fifty-five summers at the MBL....

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Twitty, Victor Chandler (05 November 1901–22 March 1967), embryologist and zoologist, was born near Shoals, Indiana, the son of John McMahon Twitty and Emma Chandler. Twitty grew up in southern Indiana but moved to Indianapolis with his family shortly after graduation from high school. After working for a year at a variety of jobs, he entered local Butler College in 1921 as a premedical student. Thoughts of a future in medicine were soon eclipsed by the more immediate lure of science, to which Twitty was introduced by several professors in the first semester of his freshman year. The move into science began with botany and led to a major in chemistry. Twitty could not recall later why he eventually settled on zoology. He graduated from Butler in 1925....