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Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Photograph by James J. Kriegsmann. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-38826).


Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr. (29 November 1908–04 April 1972), minister and congressman, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of the Reverend Adam Clayton Powell, Sr., and Mattie Fletcher Shaffer. The Family moved to New York City in 1909 after the senior Powell became minister of the Abyssinian Baptist Church, then located at Fortieth Street between Seventh and Eighth avenues. In 1923, at the elder Powell’s urging, the church and the family joined the surge of black migration uptown to Harlem, with the church moving to 138th Street between Seventh and Lenox avenues....