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Gardiner Greene Hubbard Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-105888).


Hubbard, Gardiner Greene (25 August 1822–11 December 1897), businessman and civic leader, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Samuel Hubbard, a justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court, and Mary Anne Greene. Hubbard was named for his mother’s father, who had come, modestly wealthy, from Ireland and had become one of the richest men in Boston. After Hubbard’s graduation from Dartmouth in 1841, he studied law for a year at Harvard before entering a prominent Boston firm. He married Gertrude McCurdy in 1846 and moved with her to Cambridge. Of their six children, two died in infancy....


Vail, Theodore Newton (16 July 1845–16 April 1920), business leader, was born near Minerva, in Carroll County, Ohio, the son of Davis Vail, a farmer and iron manufacturer, and Phebe Quinby. Vail grew up in Morristown, New Jersey, where his father oversaw the Speedwell Ironworks, a family concern. Vail obtained a high school education at the Morristown Academy and, after working briefly as a drugstore clerk, moved to New York City, where he secured a job through a friend as a telegraph operator for Western Union. Telegraphy was something of a family tradition, since Vail’s cousin Alfred had worked closely with ...