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Leta Stetter Hollingworth. Courtesy of the Nebraska State Historical Society.

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Hollingworth, Leta Anna Stetter (25 May 1886–27 November 1939), psychologist and feminist, was born in a dugout near Chadron, Nebraska, the daughter of John G. Stetter and Margaret Elinor Danley. Her father, a fun-loving but irresponsible Virginian of German descent, worked as a peddler, entertainer, and itinerant cowboy. Her mother, the well-educated daughter of a neighboring Scotch-Irish farm family, died in 1890, leaving three girls to be reared by their maternal grandparents. At twelve Leta and her sisters moved to Valentine, Nebraska, to live with their father and his new wife, a troubled woman who made life a “fiery furnace.”...

Article

Ray, Isaac (16 January 1807–31 March 1881), psychiatrist, was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, the son of Captain Isaac Rea and his second wife, the widow Lydia Symonds. The spelling of the family name was changed sometime between 1807 and the death of Captain Ray in 1814....

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Sackler, Arthur Mitchell (22 August 1913–26 May 1987), research psychiatrist, art collector, and philanthropist, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Isaac Sackler and Sophie (maiden name unknown). In the 1930s Sackler simultaneously studied medicine at New York University (NYU) and art history at NYU and the Cooper Union Art Institute. To fund his medical studies, he joined the William Douglas MacAdams medical advertising agency. Sackler earned his B.S. from NYU in 1933 and his M.D. from NYU in 1937. In 1935 he married Else Jorgensen; they had two children....

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Salmon, Thomas William (06 January 1876–13 August 1927), psychiatrist and reformer, was born in Lansingburgh (now Troy), New York, the son of Thomas Henry Salmon, a physician, and Annie E. Frost. Salmon, whose father had immigrated from England in 1860, went to the local public school and graduated from the Lansingburgh Academy in 1894. He taught school at Pleasant Valley, New York, until 1895 and then attended Albany Medical College for the next four years. In 1899 he received an M.D. from Albany Medical College and, that same year, married Helen Potter Ashley; they had six children....