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Scott, Hugh Lenox (23 September 1853–30 April 1934), soldier and diplomat, was born in Danville, Kentucky, the son of William McKendry Scott, a Presbyterian minister, and Mary Elizabeth Hodge. After William Scott’s death, the family moved, and Hugh Scott was reared in Princeton, New Jersey, attending Edgehill and Lawrenceville academies before graduating from the U.S. Military Academy in 1876. Until 1898 most of his service was on the frontier in the West, where he became a keen student of Indian customs and a leading expert on the Indian sign language. In 1880 he married Mary Merrill, daughter of General Lewis Merrill. The couple had five children....

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Smith, Walter Bedell (05 October 1895–09 August 1961), military officer, ambassador, and government official, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, the son of William Long Smith and Ida Francis Bedell, who earned a comfortable living as silk buyers. A relative had fought in every American war since the Revolution, and all that Bedell, as he was called from childhood, ever wanted to be was an army officer. An exceptionally bright but indifferent student who trained as a machinist at vocational high school, he lacked the influence to secure an appointment to West Point. The day he turned sixteen, therefore, Smith enlisted in the Indiana National Guard. Within a year he was made company sergeant, and in 1916 he accompanied the expedition to Mexico....