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See Cori, Carl Ferdinand

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Dayhoff, Margaret Oakley (11 March 1925–05 February 1983), research biochemist, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the daughter of Kenneth W. Oakley, an industrialist, and Ruth P. Clark. When Margaret was about the age of ten, the Oakleys moved to New York City. There she attended Public School Number 32 and went on to become the valedictorian of the Bayside High School class of 1942. She was awarded a scholarship to Washington Square College of New York University, from which she graduated in 1945 magna cum laude, with honors in mathematics. In 1948 she married Edward S. Dayhoff; they would have two children. In that same year, Margaret Dayhoff received a Ph.D. from Columbia University in quantum chemistry....

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Elion, Gertrude (23 January 1918–21 February 1999), biochemist, was born Gertrude Belle Elion in New York City, the daughter of Robert Elion, a dentist, and Bertha Cohen Elion. Both of her parents were immigrants: her father had emigrated to the United States from Lithuania at the age of twelve and her mother from Poland at the age of fourteen. Until the time she was seven years old, the Elion family lived in a large apartment adjoining her father's dental office in Manhattan....

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Wrinch, Dorothy Maud (12 September 1894–11 February 1976), mathematician and biochemical theorist, was born in Rosario, Argentina, the daughter of Hugh Edward Hart Wrinch, an engineer, and Ada Souter. Her parents were British subjects who returned to London, England, during her adolescence.

In 1913 Dorothy Wrinch entered Cambridge University’s Girton College, where she excelled in mathematics and philosophy. While at Girton she met and became friendly with the philosopher Bertrand Russell, whose work in mathematical logic had a profound effect on her career. After receiving her B.A. in 1917, she remained at Girton as a research scholar for a year. From 1918 to 1920 she taught mathematics at the University of London’s University College, where she also studied and earned her M.Sc. and D.Sc. in mathematics in 1920 and 1921, respectively. She returned to Girton in 1920 to accept a research fellowship. In 1922 she married John William Nicholson, the newly appointed director of studies in mathematics and physics at Oxford University’s Balliol College, and the next year she became affiliated with Oxford as both a teacher and student. For four years she taught mathematics on a per-term basis at its five women’s colleges, and in 1927 she was made a lecturer at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. She continued her studies in mathematics and received another M.Sc. in 1924, and in 1929, the first D.Sc. ever awarded by Oxford to a woman....