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Fraser, Laura Gardin (14 September 1889–13 August 1966), medalist and sculptor, was born in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of John Emil Gardin, a bank executive, and Alice Tilton, a painter. She attended elementary school in Morton Park, Illinois, and spent the summers with her family in New Jersey, where Laura had her first horse. It was there that she developed the lifelong love of animals that shows in her sculpture. She also studied in Rye, New York, and graduated from Horace Mann High School in New York City in 1907. That same year she attended Columbia University briefly before entering the Art Students’ League, where she matriculated for four years. There she studied with ...

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Welles, Clara (04 August 1868–14 March 1965), silversmith and designer, was born Clara Pauline Barck in New York City, the daughter of John Barck and Margaret Bowman, both of Scandinavian descent. After Clara’s birth the Barcks moved to Oregon. In the late 1890s she left the Pacific Northwest to enroll in the Department of Decorative Design at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Influenced by C. R. Ashbee and the English Arts and Crafts movement, she graduated from the school in 1900, and in September of that year she opened the Kalo Shop (“Kalo” derives from the Greek word for beautiful) at 175 Dearborn Avenue in Chicago. Staffed by young women known as the Kalo girls, the shop produced a variety of craft wares including burnt-leather and base-metal goods. In 1902 the Kalo Shop displayed their wares at the first annual arts and crafts exhibition of the Chicago Art Institute. The firm continued to exhibit there until 1921....