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Ruth Hanna McCormick. With her children Katrina and John. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-108593).


McCormick, Ruth Hanna (27 March 1880–31 December 1944), congresswoman and political leader, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the daughter of Marcus Alonzo “Mark” Hanna, a businessman and politician, and Charlotte Augusta Rhodes. In 1896 Mark Hanna, Republican national chairman, managed William McKinley’s presidential campaign, in which Ruth participated. Hanna was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1897, and Ruth worked as his private secretary on Capitol Hill. Her marriage in 1903 to ...


Patterson, Hannah Jane (05 November 1879–21 August 1937), suffragist and defense official in World War I, was born in Smithton, Pennsylvania, the daughter of John Gilfillan Patterson, a prominent banker, and Harriet McCune. She received an A.B. from Wilson College in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, where she was enrolled from 1897 to 1901, and then studied finance at Columbia University in 1902 and law at the University of Pennsylvania from 1903 to 1905. A product of the Progressive era and the women’s organizations of that time, which were largely aimed at self-improvement, Patterson embarked on a career as an activist when she joined the Civic Club of Allegheny County. Instrumental in the establishment of a juvenile court for Allegheny County, she was also well known for her work in the local consumer’s league....