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Judith Ellen Foster. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-102556).

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Foster, Judith Ellen Horton Avery (03 November 1840–11 August 1910), lawyer, temperance activist, and Republican party leader, was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, the daughter of Jotham Horton, a blacksmith and a Methodist minister, and Judith Delano. Both parents died when she was young, and Judith moved to Boston to live with her older married sister. She then lived with a relative in Lima, New York, where she attended the Genessee Wesleyan Seminary. After graduation she taught school until her first marriage to Addison Avery in 1860. They had two children, one of whom died in childhood. The marriage ended about 1866, and she moved to Chicago, supporting herself and her child by teaching music in a mission school. In Chicago she met Elijah Caleb Foster, a native of Canada and a recent graduate of the University of Michigan Law School. After their marriage in 1869, they moved to Clinton, Iowa. They had two children; one died at the age of five....

Article

Kenyon, Dorothy (17 February 1888–11 February 1972), attorney, political activist, and judge, was born in New York City, the daughter of William Houston Kenyon, an attorney, and Maria Wellington Stanwood. In 1904 Kenyon graduated from Horace Mann High School in New York City. She then attended Smith College, graduating in 1908 with a bachelor of arts degree in economics and history....

Article

Todd, Marion Marsh ( March 1841–post-1913), lawyer, writer, and political activist, was born in Plymouth, New York, the daughter of Abner Kneeland Marsh, a Universalist preacher, and Dolly Adelia Wales. Marion apparently was educated at home until 1851, when the family moved to Eaton Rapids, Michigan. There she attended public school. A year after moving to Michigan, her father died, requiring her to work. She entered the State Normal School in Ypsilanti, Michigan, and began teaching at age seventeen. In 1868 she married Benjamin Todd, a Boston political activist. The couple had one child....