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Pinckney, Elizabeth Lucas (28 December 1722–26 May 1793), planter, known as Eliza, was born in the West Indies, the daughter of George Lucas and Anne (maiden name unknown). Her father, a career officer in the British army, made his home on a sugar plantation overlooking Willoughby Bay, Antigua. George Lucas relocated his family in 1738 to the mainland province of South Carolina, on a modest 600-acre plantation on a low bluff along Wappoo Creek, six miles from Charleston harbor. The move failed to bring the desired improvement in his wife’s health, and the outbreak of open conflict with Spain demanded Lucas’s return to his post in Antigua. Thus Eliza began her experiences of plantation management: totally in charge of “Wappoo,” where she lived with her mother and younger sister, and in contact with the overseers at two other large plantations that Col. Lucas owned in Carolina....

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Tyler, Julia Gardiner (04 May 1820–10 July 1889), second wife of John Tyler, tenth president of the United States, second wife of John Tyler, tenth president of the United States, was born on Gardiner’s Island in Long Island Sound, the daughter of David Gardiner, a lawyer and later state senator, and Juliana McLachlan, the wealthy heiress of a Scottish brewer. Julia was also a direct descendant of the English adventurer and military engineer ...