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Clark, Mamie (18 April 1917–11 August 1983), psychologist and community mental health pioneer, was born Mamie Katherine Phipps in Hot Springs, Arkansas, one of two children and the only daughter of Harold H. Phipps, a prominent physician and resort owner, and Katie Florence Phipps. She described her upbringing in the Jim Crow South as largely happy and secure despite racial tensions and the economic privations of the Great Depression....

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Salmon, Thomas William (06 January 1876–13 August 1927), psychiatrist and reformer, was born in Lansingburgh (now Troy), New York, the son of Thomas Henry Salmon, a physician, and Annie E. Frost. Salmon, whose father had immigrated from England in 1860, went to the local public school and graduated from the Lansingburgh Academy in 1894. He taught school at Pleasant Valley, New York, until 1895 and then attended Albany Medical College for the next four years. In 1899 he received an M.D. from Albany Medical College and, that same year, married Helen Potter Ashley; they had six children....