1-9 of 9 Results  for:

  • government of the confederacy x
  • Results with images only x
Clear all

Article

Benjamin, Judah Philip (06 August 1811–06 May 1884), Confederate cabinet member, U.S. senator, and lawyer, was born at Christiansted, St. Croix, West Indies, the son of Philip Benjamin, a shopkeeper, and Rebecca de Mendes. St. Croix was under British rule at the time of Benjamin’s birth. He grew up in Charleston, South Carolina. Though his father’s circumstances were always modest, wealthy relatives and other benefactors helped him attend Yale (1825–1827), but he left as a junior under circumstances that remain unclear....

Article

Clay, Clement Claiborne (13 December 1816–03 January 1882), U.S. and Confederate senator, was born near Huntsville, Alabama, the son of Clement Comer Clay, a lawyer and later governor and U.S. senator, and Susanna Claiborne Withers. He used the designation C. C. Clay, Jr., to distinguish himself from his father. He graduated from the University of Alabama in 1834 and studied law under John B. Minor at the University of Virginia, receiving his degree in 1839. During his father’s tenure as governor of Alabama, 1835–1837, Clay was his father’s secretary. He practiced law with him from 1839 to 1846, after which he became Madison County judge. He resigned in 1848 for financial reasons. Debt was a lifelong problem, along with chronic bad health, particularly asthma. Clay was associated with the ...

Article

Davis, Jefferson (03 June 1808?–06 December 1889), president of the Confederate States of America and U.S. senator, was born in Christian (later Todd) County, Kentucky, the tenth and last child of Samuel Emory Davis and Jane Cook, farmers. The year of his birth is uncertain; for many years Davis regarded 1807 as correct, but he later settled upon 1808....

Article

Hunter, Robert M. T. (21 April 1809–18 July 1887), congressman and statesman, was born Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter at “Mount Pleasant,” his father's estate in Essex County, Virginia, the son of James Hunter, a planter, and Maria Garnett Hunter. Born into a family that had achieved local prominence, he grew up in comfortable surroundings. After receiving his early education through home tutoring, he entered the University of Virginia and graduated in July 1828. Interested in government and history, he decided to become a lawyer and studied under Judge ...

Article

Mallory, Stephen Russell (1811–09 November 1873), U.S. senator and Confederate secretary of the navy, was born in Trinidad, the son of John Mallory, an engineer, and Ellen Russell. Shortly after his birth, Mallory’s parents moved to Key West. After his father died in 1822, Mallory helped his mother operate a boardinghouse there. From 1826 to 1829 Mallory received his only formal education when he attended a Moravian-run school at Nazareth, Pennsylvania. He returned to Key West, where he studied law and served as inspector of customs (1830), town marshal (1832), fire department director (1835), and collector of customs (1845). He also served in the Florida militia during the Seminole War (1836–1838)....

Article

Orr, James Lawrence (12 May 1822–05 May 1873), Speaker of the House of Representatives, governor of South Carolina, and Confederate States senator, was born in Craytonville, Pendleton District (now Anderson County), South Carolina, the son of Christopher Orr, a merchant, and Martha McCann. After a conventional education in the local schools, he began the study of law at the University of Virginia in 1839. Following the death of his favorite mentor there, he returned to South Carolina, read law in a local firm, and was admitted to the bar in 1843. A year later he married Mary Jane Marshall, a union that produced seven children. For two years he edited the ...

Article

Preston, William Ballard (29 November 1805–16 November 1862), U.S. congressman and Confederate senator, was born at Smithfield plantation in Montgomery County, Virginia, the son of James Patton Preston, a prominent planter and Virginia governor, and Ann Barraud Taylor. Preston graduated from Hampden-Sydney College in 1824 and then studied law briefly, at the University of Virginia in 1825 and for a year with his cousin ...

Article

Stephens, Alexander Hamilton (11 February 1812–04 March 1883), congressman and Confederate vice president, was born on a piedmont farm near Washington, Georgia, the son of Andrew Stephens and Margaret Grier. A few months after his birth, his mother died. Within a year, his father remarried. When Aleck was fourteen, calamity struck again when his father died of pneumonia, to be followed a few weeks later by his stepmother from the same virus....

Article

Thompson, Jacob (15 May 1810–24 March 1885), congressman, secretary of the interior, and Confederate agent, was born in Caswell County, North Carolina, the son of Nicholas Thompson, a tanner, and Lucretia Van Hook. Thompson was raised in a family of some wealth as the result of his father’s marriage. He attended Bingham Academy in Orange County and graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1831. He tutored at the university for eighteen months and then, in opposition to his father’s wishes that he become an Episcopal minister, he studied law in Greensboro and joined the bar in 1835. Like many other ambitious young lawyers, he left the East and headed for the booming frontier in the Old Southwest. In 1837 he set up his law practice in Pontotoc, Mississippi, the site of a land office inundated by whites seeking to get their share of the lands recently opened up by the Chickasaw cession. Thompson quickly staked a claim to political leadership in northern Mississippi through his role in organizing the courts and championing the demands of the new counties for immediate representation in the state legislature. In 1838, after he had moved to Oxford, he married Catherine Ann Jones; the couple had one child....