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Culpeper, John (1644–1693), proprietary official and rebellion leader, first appears in the records of Barbados in 1663 when at age nineteen he wrote the will of a neighbor and served as the overseer of his estate. The same document also mentions a Margaret Culpeper, who was surely related to him. By February 1671 Culpeper had arrived in southern Carolina with a slave, and at the end of the year his wife, Judith, joined him, accompanied by a woman servant. Within a month of his arrival in Charles Town, the able Culpeper had replaced the inadequate surveyor of the province. His extant map of Charles Town was the first accurate plat of the settlement. A year later his commission from the lords proprietor as surveyor general, dated 30 December 1671, was received about the time he was elected to the provincial assembly. By the end of 1672, in addition to his 2-acre town lot where he was residing, Culpeper was granted a 370-acre plantation....