1-20 of 50 Results  for:

  • Christian: Quaker x
Clear all

Article

Bates, Elisha (10 July 1781–05 October 1861), Quaker controversialist and publisher, was born near Scimino, York County, Virginia, the son of Benjamin Bates and Hannah (maiden name unknown), farmers. Largely self-educated, Bates studied medicine for a time, learned printing, worked as a surveyor, and operated a Quaker school. Marrying Sarah Jordan Harrison in 1803, Bates fathered six children. From 1813 to 1816 he served as clerk of the Virginia Yearly Meeting. Circumstances, even for a farmer, surveyor, and schoolmaster, proved trying for an antislavery Quaker in eastern Virginia, particularly after Bates attracted public attention with his pamphlet ...

Article

Bean, Joel (16 December 1825–11 January 1914), Quaker minister and author, was born in Alton, New Hampshire, the son of John Bean and Elizabeth Ham, farmers. Joel received his education in local public schools and in the Friends Boarding School in Providence, Rhode Island, now Moses Brown School. Although the Beans were staunch Quakers, they lived at a distance from a Friends meeting, and so Joel had considerable contact with other denominations. After finishing at Providence, he taught in Quaker schools in New England and North Carolina....

Article

Brinton, Howard Haines (24 July 1884–09 April 1973), and Anna Shipley Cox Brinton (19 October 1887–28 October 1969), Quaker educators, were born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, and Iowa, respectively. Howard was the son of Edward Brinton and Ruthanna Brown, farmers. Anna was the daughter of Charles E. Cox, a businessman and educator, and Lydia Shipley Bean. Howard Brinton attended high school in West Chester and received a B.A. from Haverford College in 1904 with a specialization in science. After spending an extra year studying mysticism with Haverford professor of philosophy ...

Article

Sydney V. James and Gail Fowler Mohanty

Brown, Moses (12 September 1738–06 September 1836), merchant and philanthropist, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of James Brown, merchant, and Hope Power. The father died the next year, leaving a variety of properties and businesses, which indicates that his family was far from poor. Moses Brown had a few years of formal schooling before being apprenticed to his merchant uncle, Obadiah, to learn the intricacies of eighteenth-century commerce and to be adopted as a son and partner. After Obadiah died in 1762, Moses managed the business, and in 1774 married Obadiah’s daughter Anna, who bore three children, two of whom lived to maturity. Moses joined his three surviving brothers in the firm of Nicholas Brown & Co. to operate the family businesses. The profits of trade were diversified by manufacturing and money-lending. The Brown brothers inherited profitable candle and chocolate works and started a plant to smelt and work iron. They also tried at least one ill-fated slaving voyage....

Article

Brown, Obadiah (15 July 1771–15 October 1822), merchant and manufacturer, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of Moses Brown, a merchant, and Anna Brown. He sometimes used the name Obadiah M. Brown to distinguish himself from other Browns with the same first name. Sickly as a child, he initially was educated at home and then attended the Friends New England Yearly Meeting School in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, between 1784 and 1788. This was followed by an informal apprenticeship with Almy and Brown, a Providence cotton textile manufactory established by his father, one of four brothers who were successful Providence merchants and manufacturers. The manufactory was initially managed by Obadiah’s brother-in-law, William Almy, and a cousin, Smith Brown, although under the watchful eye of Moses Brown....

Article

Coffin, Charles Fisher (03 April 1823–09 September 1916), banker, Quaker minister, and philanthropist, was born at New Garden, Guilford County, North Carolina, the son of Elijah Coffin, a teacher and banker, and Naomi Hiatt, a Quaker minister. In 1824 his family moved to Milton, Indiana, and in 1833 they went to Cincinnati for a year before moving to Richmond, Indiana, where Charles would live for the next half-century....

Article

Eddy, Thomas (05 September 1758–16 September 1827), Quaker reformer, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of James Eddy and Mary Darragh, immigrants from Ireland. Raised in a Quaker family with Tory sympathies, Eddy received an elementary education and in 1771 was apprenticed to a tanner in Burlington, New Jersey. From 1779 until the end of the American Revolution, he lived in New York where, with a brother and a friend, he formed Eddy, Sykes and Company to import scarce goods from England and Ireland. He also acted as a banker, moving funds to captured British troops in Pennsylvania and building his fortune on the 6 percent commission he garnered from the large sums transferred. He married Hannah Hartshorne in 1782; they had three children. For a brief period in the mid-1780s he operated a store in Fredericksburg, Virginia, which finally went bankrupt....

Article

Evans, Jonathan (25 January 1759–08 February 1839), house builder and Quaker leader, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Jonathan Evans, an importer, and Hannah Walton. Born into a well-to-do family of Welsh descent that stretched back to 1697 in William Penn...

Article

Evans, William (05 October 1787–12 May 1867), merchant and Quaker leader, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Jonathan Evans, a house builder and Quaker elder, and Hannah Bacon, a Quaker minister. Nurtured in an influential family in the Religious Society of Friends, Evans was educated in Quaker primary schools and in 1799 enrolled in the new Westtown school, just outside Philadelphia. At age fourteen, he went to a countinghouse to learn bookkeeping but, finding himself unchallenged, was apprenticed to another Friend to master the drug business. In 1808 he opened his own small drug and paint store, which he owned if not operated the rest of his life. Though serious of mien and adust in personality, Evans found a wife in Deborah Musgrave on 11 December 1811; the union produced two children before her early death in 1815. Summoned to militia duty during the War of 1812, he refused to appear but escaped further proceedings. The cautious Evans waited nine years before getting married again, this time to Elizabeth Barton on 23 December 1824, when he was thirty-seven and she thirty. In the Quaker fashion their local meeting recognized them both as ministers, he in 1822. When he rose to speak in a meeting, he could be pointed in his criticism of those who disagreed with him on some practice or point of doctrine. His tart-tongued contemporary ...

Article

Ferris, Benjamin (07 August 1780–09 November 1867), surveyor and Quaker leader, was born in Wilmington, Delaware, the son of Ziba Ferris, a cabinetmaker, and Edith Sharpless. Part of an active and influential Quaker family, Ferris was mostly self-taught. After being apprenticed to a clock maker in Philadelphia, he opened a business there in 1801 and prospered enough to wed Wilmingtonian Fanny Canby three years later and to invest $7,500 in a large lot in 1806. Of the couple’s ten children, three died in childhood. In the City of Brotherly Love, Ferris learned French, read widely—at one time his library housed more than eighty religious books by non-Quaker authors—cultivated cosmopolitan tastes, and made numerous contacts among fellow believers before returning in 1813 to Wilmington, his home for the rest of his life....

Article

Gibbons, William (10 August 1781–25 July 1845), physician and Quaker reformer, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of James Gibbons, a teacher, farmer, and conveyancer, and Eleanor Peters. Descended from some of Pennsylvania’s first settlers, Gibbons was privately educated and then attended the University of Pennsylvania, from which he received an M.D. in 1805, having studied with ...

Image

Elias Hicks. 1830 engraving of a drawing by Henry Inman. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-98115 ).

Article

Hicks, Elias (19 March 1748–27 February 1830), Quaker minister, was born in Hempstead, Long Island, New York, the son of John Hicks and Martha Smith, farmers. The Hicks family had Anglican roots, but Elias’s father became a member of the Society of Friends not long before Elias was born; his mother was uncomfortable with the mysticism of Quaker meeting and never joined. Elias received only a minimum of formal education, although he was apprenticed for a time to a carpenter, learned surveying, and taught occasionally in the village school. After marrying Jemima Seaman in Westbury meeting in 1770, he moved to her family’s farm in nearby Jericho. The couple had eleven children, but none of their four sons lived to adulthood, all dying of mysterious illnesses. In 1777 Hicks inherited the farm. Within a year he was formally recognized as a minister by his meeting, and in 1779 he went on the first of fifty-nine journeys of what Quakers called “traveling in the ministry.” Cultivating the habit of harkening to his inward leadings, a characteristic of Quakers of his age, marked him as a potential leader within the Society of Friends....

Article

Hoag, Joseph (22 April 1762–21 November 1846), Quaker minister, was born in Oblong, Dutchess County, New York, the son of Elijah Hoag and Phebe (maiden name unknown), farmers. As a child Hoag experienced many “divine visitations” and felt that he was called to preach. Despite uncertainties and some opposition, he began speaking in Quaker meetings when about eighteen years of age and was acknowledged as a minister a few years later. In 1782 Hoag married Huldah Case, who later became a well-known Quaker minister herself. Quakers regarded the ministry as a free gift from God and therefore disapproved of paid ministry. Hoag, like other Friends, rejected any suggestion that he receive payment or other support for his work in the ministry....

Image

Isaac T. Hopper. From the frontispiece to Lydia Maria Child, Isaac T. Hopper: A True Life, 1853. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ62-75190).

Article

Hopper, Isaac Tatem (03 December 1771–07 May 1852), Quaker abolitionist and reformer, was born in Deptford township, near Woodbury, New Jersey, the son of Levi Hopper and Rachel Tatem, farmers. Educated in local schools, Isaac Hopper went to Philadelphia at sixteen to learn tailoring from an uncle, with whom he lived. He made his living there as a tailor and soon came to own his own shop....

Article

Jansen, Reinier ( April 1648?– February 1706), Quaker and printer, was born probably in Harlingen, Friesland, the Netherlands, the son of Jan Reiners Jansen and Jancke Keimpes. Little is known about Jansen’s early life and even less can be documented. J. G. Riewald, a Dutch scholar who did research on both sides of the Atlantic, published a biography in 1970 in which he corrected many errors made by earlier writers and pieced together as much as he could verify along with surmises and tentative conclusions. While Riewald found that Jansen was married with two children by 1670, he did not discover the wife’s name nor the dates of their marriage or her death. Court records indicate he married Sjoucken Jans in 1676, but she must have died not long after, for a Harlingen deed dated 17 November 1678 lists his wife at that time as Trijntje Hedserts. Jansen had at least seven children in his three marriages....

Article

Jay, Allen (11 October 1831–08 May 1910), Quaker minister and educator, was born in Miami County, Ohio, the son of Isaac Jay, a farmer and Quaker minister, and Rhoda Cooper. The Jays were a large and prominent Quaker family, and Allen Jay spent his early life in a Quaker community surrounded by relatives. He received his early education in Quaker schools in Miami and Montgomery counties, Ohio. In 1850 his family moved to Grant County, Indiana. Jay subsequently attended the Friends Boarding School (now Earlham College) at Richmond, Indiana, the Farmers Institute Academy near Lafayette, Indiana, and Antioch College (Yellow Springs, Ohio). On 20 September 1854 he was married at Farmers Institute to Martha Ann Sleeper; they had five children....

Article

Keith, George (1638–27 March 1716), Quaker theologian, founder of the "Christian Quakers" and Anglican priest, Quaker theologian, founder of the “Christian Quakers,” and Anglican priest, was born in Peterhead Aberdeenshire, Scotland, to a family he later described as loyal to the Solemn League and Covenant and who disowned him after he became a Quaker. Nothing else is known of his parentage or early years. Keith attended Marischall College, Aberdeen (1654–1658), received an M.A., and prepared to be a Presbyterian minister. Later he referred to universities as “the stews of Anti-Christ,” but he had nonetheless gained an extensive knowledge in mathematics, philosophy, and languages. Keith, who read Descartes, testified that he became a Quaker through reading the Cambridge Platonist Henry More. In 1662 he was imprisoned for six months for his beliefs and wrote ...

Article

Kinsey, John (1693–11 May 1750), Quaker politician and lawyer, was born in Philadelphia, the son of John Kinsey, a carpenter, politician, and Quaker minister, and Sarah Stevens. The younger John Kinsey likely attended the Friends Public School until the family moved to Woodbridge, New Jersey, sometime between 1702 and 1704. The older Kinsey placed him with a joiner in New York as an apprentice, but as a friend wrote after Kinsey’s death, “having an Inquisitive disposition, and a Genius for something above his then employ, he left his master before his time was out, & applied himself to the Study of the Law.” He probably studied in Philadelphia with ...