Thomas W. Collins Jr.
Bundy, McGeorge (30 March 1919–16 September 1996), presidential foreign affairs adviser and philanthropist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Harvey Hollister Bundy, a highly successful lawyer who served as a special assistant to Secretary of War Henry Stimson during World War II, and Katherine Putnam Bundy, who was related to several of Boston's most socially prominent families. He grew up in a noisy, high-spirited household where he and his siblings were encouraged to join their elders in debate about history and politics around the dinner table. (His older brother, ...
Matthew Dean Hindman
Endean, Steve (6 Aug. 1948–4 Aug. 1993), gay rights activist and lobbyist for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) causes, was born Stephen Robert Endean in Davenport, Iowa, to Robert Endean, a salesman, and Marilyn Endean. Raised in a Roman Catholic family, Endean grew up in Rock Island, Illinois; Peoria, Illinois; and Bloomington, Minnesota. After graduating from Lincoln High School in ...
Damian Vergara Bracamontes
Martinez, Roberto L. (21 Jan. 1937–20 May 2009), Chicano rights activist and political organizer, was born in San Diego, California, to Mexican parents John Martinez, a carpet layer, and Mary Martinez (maiden name unknown).
As a fifth-generation Mexican American living in a border city with a heavy military, Border Patrol, and local police presence, Martinez experienced intense discrimination. During the 1950s, when the U. S. government launched Operation Wetback to deport undocumented Mexican migrants, Martinez reported having been arrested and threatened with deportation at least two to three times a month on his way home from school. Martinez attended San Diego High School, and, shortly after graduating, he married his first wife Mary Louise. The couple had five children. Martinez continued his education at San Diego City College, where he obtained an Associate Degree in Graphic Arts. Prior to switching to full-time activism, Martinez worked as an engineer for an aircraft company....
Denton L. Watson
Mitchell, Clarence Maurice, Jr. (08 March 1911–18 March 1984), civil rights lobbyist, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Clarence Maurice Mitchell, a waiter, and Elsie Davis. He attended St. Katherine’s Episcopal Church and later became a member of the Sharp Street Memorial Methodist Church. From Douglass High School in Baltimore, he entered Lincoln University in Pennsylvania in 1928 and was graduated in 1932 with a B.A. In 1938 Mitchell married Juanita Elizabeth Jackson, daughter of Keiffer Bowen Jackson and Lillie May Jackson of Baltimore; they had four children. President of the Baltimore branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and Maryland State Conference of NAACP Branches, Lillie Jackson spearheaded the freedom movement in the state and became a celebrated historical figure....
Andrew R. Heinze
Proskauer, Joseph Meyer (06 August 1877–11 September 1971), judge, political adviser, and Jewish communal leader, was born in Mobile, Alabama, the son of Alfred Proskauer, a bank cashier, and Rebecca Leinkauf. Born into a southern Jewish family of German and Hungarian descent, Proskauer was educated at Columbia College (B.A., 1896) and Columbia Law School (LL.B., 1899) and began practicing law in New York City in partnership with college friend James Rosenberg in 1900. Two years later both men entered the well-known firm of James, Schell & Elkus, which eventually became Elkus, Gleason & Proskauer. In 1903 Proskauer married Alice Naumburg. ...