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Engle, Lavinia M. (23 May 1892–29 May 1979), women’s suffrage advocate, Maryland state representative, and federal social insurance official, was born Lavinia Margaret Engle in Forest Glen, Maryland, one of three children of Lavinia Hauke and James Melvin Engle. Her parents were both Quakers who greatly influenced her life and career. Her father was a Treasury Department official, giving her an early role model in government service. Her mother was also an advocate for women’s suffrage, once testifying before Congress alongside ...

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Jones, John (03 November 1816–21 May 1879), civil rights activist and Chicago county commissioner, was born on a plantation in Greene County, North Carolina, the son of John Bromfield (occupation unknown), of German ancestry, and a free mulatto mother, whose last name was Jones (first name unknown). Due to the ancestry of his parents, John Jones was considered a free black. His mother, fearing that his father might attempt to reduce Jones to slavery, apprenticed Jones to learn a trade. It was in Tennessee that he received training as a tailor....