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Abigail Scott Duniway. Courtesy of the Library of Congress (LC-USZ61-787).


Duniway, Abigail Jane Scott (22 October 1834–11 October 1915), Oregon pioneer and suffragist, was born in Tazewell County, Illinois, the daughter of John Tucker Scott and Ann Roelofson, farmers. Duniway attended school sporadically, restricted by her responsibilities on her parents’ farm. In March 1852, in spite of his wife’s hesitations, John Scott decided to move his family to Oregon. With thirty others, in a caravan of five wagons, the family set off on the 2,400-mile trek. Ann Scott died of cholera in June; her three-year-old son Willie passed away two months later. By October the party had reached Lafayette, near Salem, Oregon, where they settled. Abigail taught school in the neighboring village of Eola and worked on her father’s farm. In August 1853 she married Benjamin Charles Duniway, a farmer who had moved to Oregon three years earlier; they had six children. The early years of her marriage were especially hard on Abigail, who bore two children in quick succession and also was obliged to take on many of the physically taxing, traditionally male tasks on the farm. The family moved to a farm near Lafayette in 1857. Duniway’s first novel, ...


Seton, Grace Gallatin Thompson (28 January 1872–19 March 1959), explorer, writer, and suffragist, was born in Sacramento, California, the daughter of Albert Gallatin, the president of the largest steel and iron business on the West Coast, and Clemenzie Rhodes. Grace Gallatin’s parents were divorced in 1881. After the divorce, Clemenzie Gallatin moved to New York City, taking with her only Grace, the youngest of her four children....