- Clare V. McKanna Jr.
Apache Kid (1860–01 January 1930?), Indian scout, was born in Aravaipa Canyon, 25 miles (40 kilometers) south of San Carlos Agency in southeast Arizona Territory. The names of his father and mother do not appear in the San Carlos census and remain unknown. As a member of what the U.S. government called the SI band, Kid developed important skills as a youth and learned his scouting and tracking techniques from Togodechuz, his grandfather. Kid married one of the daughters of SL band chief Eskiminzin, possibly Nahthledeztelth. Kid's legitimate Apache name remains a mystery. U.S. Army records simply listed this remarkable scout as Kid, with no other designation. Sayes, a member of Kid's band, claimed that his Indian name was Shisininty. During Kid's court-martial, Tony, an Apache scout, testified that his name was Hahouantell. Various writers have provided other names that include Eskibinadel, Gonteee, Haskaybaynayntal, Ohyessonna, Oskabennantelz, Skibenanted, and Zenogolache. Kid received the added title “Apache” when he became a renegade. That title provided a way to label him as being especially infamous and dangerous....