- Cornelius J. Jaenen
Black Kettle (?–1698), Onondaga chief, was originally from the Bay of Quinté (Ontario) region. Little is known about him before the 1680s. He was also called Dewadarondore or Chaudiere Noire.
The peace signed between the French and the five Iroquois nations of present-day New York State and the Province of Ontario in 1665 began to break down by 1682. Black Kettle was among the influential leaders of the anti-French faction in Onondaga by this time. As a war chief, he headed a party that brought four Ottawa prisoners to François-Marie Perrot, local governor at Montreal, but he did not receive either the welcome or the presents he had expected. It is probable that, unlike the Ottawa traders, he was unwilling to comply with Perrot’s control of bartering activities in Montreal in his own and Governor Buade de Frontenac’s interests. To avenge himself of his poor reception, Black Kettle pillaged Fort Frontenac (present-day Kingston). In 1687 Governor Brisay de Denonville led an expedition into Seneca country that put a temporary stop to Iroquois raids on New France....