Tinker, Clarence Leonard
- Terry P. Wilson
Tinker, Clarence Leonard (21 November 1887–07 June 1942), major general in the U.S. Army Air Forces, was born on a farm in the Oklahoma Territory near Elgin, Kansas, the son of George Edward Tinker, a cattleman and newspaper publisher, and Sarah Anna Schwargete. A mixed-blood Osage, he learned to speak fluent Osage from his father and attended Haskell Institute for Indians, a secondary, federally run boarding school, in Lawrence, Kansas, leaving without graduating in 1906. Two years later he graduated from Wentworth Military Academy in Lexington, Missouri. At that time, only West Point graduates could receive U.S. Army commissions, so Tinker obtained a commission as a lieutenant in the Philippine constabulary. In 1912, after the restriction to West Point graduates was dropped, he achieved his ultimate goal, a commission as second lieutenant in the regular army....