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date: 15 September 2019


(fl. 1741–1777)
  • William L. Anderson


Ostenaco (fl. 1741–1777), Cherokee chief, warrior, and orator, also known as Outacite, was born probably in the first decade of the eighteenth century. The identities of his parents are not known. He was first associated with the Overhill towns of Hiwassee and later Tomotly (in present-day Monroe and Polk counties in Tennessee). Outacite means “mankiller,” and although there were numerous “mankillers” in the various Cherokee towns, the most famous was the individual normally referred to in the colonial records and histories as Ostenaco or Judd’s Friend. (Aside from mention of a daughter, nothing about his having a family is on record.) Ostenaco must have won his title of mankiller very early because by 1741 he had distinguished himself sufficiently to be named as one of the guardians of the young teenager Ammonscossittee. This young Cherokee inherited from his father, Moytoy of Tellico, the title of emperor of the Cherokee nation....

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