- James A. Drake
Gatti-Casazza, Giulio (03 February 1869–02 September 1940), opera impresario, was born in Udine, Italy, the son of Stefano Gatti, a military officer and later a member of the Italian Parliament, and Ernestina Casazza. After a childhood spent in military garrisons throughout central Italy while his father steadily advanced in rank, Giulio was sent to the National College in Milan, where he studied solfeggio and music theory. From there he was sent to the Arnaldi College, a Jesuit academy in Genoa, and subsequently to the Naval Academy in Leghorn in preparation for a career at sea. Failing to make the grade at the academy (“I studied quite carelessly, demonstrating no special aptitude for my chosen career,” he admitted in his memoirs), he transferred to the University of Ferrara, where his parents were then living. He received his naval engineering degree there in 1891. By this time his father had become chair of the governing board of the Teatro Communale, the local opera house, one of several civic responsibilities he assumed in Ferrara....