Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis
- James M. Dennis
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis (06 December 1867–09 April 1915), architectural sculptor, was born in Vienna, Austria, the son of Karl Johann Bitter, owner of a small household chemicals business, and Henriette Reitter. He attended the Volkschule in the suburb of Rudolfsheim and entered its Gymnasium at age nine. From 1881 to 1884 he attended the School of Applied Arts attached to the Austrian Museum of Art and Industry in Vienna, concentrating on ornamental drawing and modeling. In the spring of 1885 Bitter was enrolled in the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts where he attended primarily sculpture classes until the spring of 1888. His mentor, Edmund Heller, was a member of the liberal faction of the faculty which favored a naturalistic baroque style over the conservative tradition of neoclassicism inherited from Antonio Canova and Bertel Thorvaldsen....