Bailly, Joseph Alexis
- Mary Mullen Cunningham
Bailly, Joseph Alexis (21 January 1825–15 June 1883), sculptor, was born in Paris, France, the son of Joseph Philidor Bailly, a maker of cabinet furniture. His mother’s name is unknown. As a young man, Bailly studied under Baron Bozio at the French Institute, then worked for his father and in various woodworking shops turning and carving ornamental furniture. Early in his career he carved gargoyles in the castle of the marquis de Lussac in Tourraine. During the 1848 French revolution he was conscripted into the army, but his sympathies lay with the revolutionaries, and after he shot at his own regiment’s captain he was forced to flee for his life. In England he studied briefly with Edward Hodges Baily, a member of the Royal Academy. Following sojourns in New Orleans, New York, and Philadelphia, he married Louisa David of Brie, France, in 1850 and settled in Philadelphia. Shortly thereafter he and his wife spent a year in Buenos Aires....