Johnson, Charles Spurgeon
- Richard Robbins
Johnson, Charles Spurgeon (24 July 1893–27 October 1956), sociologist and educator, was born in Bristol, Virginia, the son of Reverend Charles Henry Johnson, a minister in the black Baptist church, and Winifred Branch. Bristol, a small city in the state’s far southwest corner, had the usual pattern of racial segregation, and it is where Charles received his primary education. He was then sent to Richmond to a private Baptist academy linked to Virginia Union University, a leading black institution, where he completed his undergraduate degree with honors in 1916. Working part time in the Richmond ghetto, he was shocked by the racial discrimination and economic deprivation marking southern Negro life. That led him to decide on graduate work in sociology, to concentrate on race relations, and to focus in particular on conditions in the urban-industrial North in the setting of the Great Migration, the northward movement of thousands of southern blacks....