- Benjamin Harris
Fenichel, Otto (02 December 1897–22 January 1946), psychoanalyst, was born in Vienna, Austria, the son of Leo Fenichel, a lawyer, and Emma Braun. At the age of seventeen Fenichel began to publicly display the analytic abilities, scientific curiosity, and social conscience that distinguished his contributions to psychoanalysis. Within the Young Culture movement Fenichel was influenced by the socialism and psychosexual radicalism of Sigfried Bernfeld and Alfred Kurella. Joining the movement’s left wing, he advocated social revolution and personal transformation—with sexual freedom and democratic education as its catalysts. As a Gymnasium student he studied biology, read Freud, and risked expulsion by surveying his fellow students’ sexual lives and publishing the results in a leftist journal, ...