Carlson, Anton Julius
- D. George Joseph
Carlson, Anton Julius (29 January 1875–02 September 1956), physiologist, was born in Bohuslan, Sweden, the son of Carl Jacobson and Hedvig Andersdotter, farmers. Carl Jacobson died when his six children were still very young, after which the modest family farm was lost and his children went to work for neighbors to support the family. From as young as age seven, Carlson spent the summer months herding sheep on neighboring farms but also took time to learn from his mother, a devout Swedish Lutheran, how to read and write, and to appreciate the value of work. At age sixteen, leaving his mother, whom he would never see again, and speaking no English, Carlson immigrated to the United States to join his older brother Albin as a carpenter’s helper in Chicago....