Békésy, Georg von
- Paris Svoronos
Békésy, Georg von (03 June 1899–13 June 1972), physiologist, was born in Budapest, Hungary, the son of Alexander von Békésy, a member of the diplomatic service, and Paula Mazaly. He received his early education in Munich, Constantinople, and Zurich and his high school education in Budapest. He then enrolled at the University of Bern, Switzerland (1916–1920), and later at the University of Budapest, where he earned a Ph.D. in physics (1923). His doctoral research was on interference microscopy, a branch of optics. Jobs in that field were scarce at the time, and therefore he elected to work as a communications engineer in the research laboratory of the Hungarian telephone system. It was the only laboratory still equipped after World War I because the government was forced by postwar treaties to maintain the telephone and telegraph lines that crisscrossed the country....