- Charles F. Hobson
Marshall, John (24 September 1755–06 July 1835), fourth chief justice of the United States, was born near Germantown, Prince William (now Fauquier) County, Virginia, the son of Thomas Marshall and Mary Randolph Keith. The eldest of fifteen children, John Marshall grew up in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. His father was a planter of middling circumstances whose success in land speculation made him one of the leading men of Fauquier, then a frontier county. His mother, a clergyman’s daughter, was related to such “first families” of Virginia as the Randolphs and the Lees. Thomas Marshall superintended his son’s education, giving him, as John Marshall recalled later, “an early taste for history and for poetry.” As the youth’s “only intelligent companion,” the elder Marshall “was both a watchfull parent and an affectionate instructive friend” (Adams, ed., p. 4)....