Lilly, Josiah Kirby
- Edward L. Lach, Jr.
Lilly, Josiah Kirby (18 November 1861–08 February 1948), pharmaceutical manufacturer, was born in Greencastle, Indiana, the son of Eli Lilly, a soldier, and Emily Lemon. Born at the beginning of the Civil War, Lilly spent his early years with his grandparents in Greencastle while his father served as a colonel with the Union army’s Ninth Indiana Cavalry. Following the war’s end, Lilly’s father relocated the family to Mississippi and attempted to raise cotton. The experiment ended in disaster; Lilly’s mother died and both father and son contracted malaria. Lilly’s father returned with his son to Indiana in 1866 but three years later moved to Paris, Illinois, where he entered the retail drug business. Josiah Lilly enrolled in the preparatory department at nearby Asbury College (now Depauw University) in 1875. He dropped out the following year to join his father’s newest endeavor, a drug manufacturing firm in Indianapolis that established the family fortune....