Chalmers, William James
- Janice L. Reiff
Chalmers, William James (10 July 1852–10 December 1938), businessman and philanthropist, was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Thomas Chalmers, a machinist and mining manufacturer, and Janet Telfer. Educated in the Chicago public schools until the age of fourteen, he then worked as an apprentice machinist in the Eagle Works Manufacturing Company (Chicago), where his father was superintendent. Upon completing his apprenticeship, he spent a year traveling in Europe. He returned to Chicago in 1871, where he took charge of the finances for his father’s newly formed company, Fraser, Chalmers & Co., which designed machines for milling, smelting, and refining ores....