- Gail Hinich Sutherland
Rajneesh, Bhagwan (11 December 1931–19 January 1990), guru, was born Chandra Mohan Jain in Kuchwada village, Madhya Pradesh, India, the son of Babulal Jain, a cloth merchant, and Saraswati Jain. His family were members of the Jain religion, a non-Hindu minority of ancient origin. The name Rajneesh means, roughly, “lord of kings”; it is not known when he took the name. At Jabalpur University, Rajneesh acquired a reputation for being a passionate thinker, but he was also a lazy student and a troublemaker. This, coupled with his erratic physical and mental health, gave him and those around him reason to doubt his sanity. Ultimately, these problems were attributed to spiritual sensitivity. Indeed, on 21 March 1953 Rajneesh experienced “enlightenment.” Still, he continued his studies and received a B.A. in philosophy in 1955 and an M.A. in 1957. Starting in 1960 he taught philosophy at Jabalpur....