Duchesne, Rose Philippine
- Patrick W. Carey
Duchesne, Rose Philippine (29 August 1769–18 November 1852), Catholic missionary, was born in Grenoble, France, the daughter of Pierre-François Duchesne, a noted lawyer and politician, and Rose-Euphrosine Perier, a member of a wealthy textile manufacturing family. From 1781 to 1783 Duchesne received her education in Sainte Marie-d’en-Haut in Grenoble, a convent boarding school of the Visitation nuns. Thereafter, as was a custom in some wealthy French homes, she was tutored at home by a French priest. In 1788 she joined the Visitation convent in Grenoble, at a time when the Duchesnes and Periers of Grenoble were becoming involved in the opening volleys of the French Revolution. Her father in particular had protested the king’s order of cessation that prorogued all provincial parliaments until the formation of new courts. When the French Revolution became violent in 1790, her father withdrew from political life. Two years later a local Grenoble precursor to the Reign of Terror dissolved her religious congregation and forced her to leave the convent. She returned home and did charitable work in and around Grenoble....