- Steven E. Woodworth
Grouard, Frank (20 September 1850–15 August 1905), army scout, was born in the Paumotu Islands in the South Pacific, the son of Benjamin F. Grouard, a Mormon missionary, and a woman who was a native of the islands and reputed to be the daughter of the high chief, though her name remains unknown. When Grouard was two years old, his family moved to California, and his father turned him over to the Addison Pratt family of San Bernardino. Not long after, the Pratts moved to Beaver, Utah, where Grouard lived until he was fifteen. At that time he ran away from home, traveled to San Bernardino, and hired on as a teamster with a wagon train bound for the gold fields of Montana. He worked several different jobs during the next four years, and in January 1870 he was captured by the Sioux while carrying mail in Montana. Grouard’s non-Caucasian features led the Indians to adopt him rather than kill him. He remained with them for six years, learning their language and gaining close acquaintanceships with ...